(Please read the whole question before flaming me)
Today I updated my iPhone 4S (Model A1387) to iOS 9.0.1 from 8.4. Since the Wifi doesn't work with either of these versions I decided to downgrade the software to iOS 7.1.2.
After I downloaded myself a IPSW-File for the iPhone 4S and tried to [Shift]+Update my phone in iTunes I received the error code 3194.
After a quick web search I booted the iPhone into recovery mode and tried it again. After that I tried adapting my hosts file in Windows as showed on apples support page. This also didn't work.
I also tried downloading the I P S W-File from different providers and also tried to use a third party tool called "The Firmware Umbrella". Then I found out, that recovery mode is not enough and I have to go in DFU mode.
Since the black screen is an indicator of the DFU mode I was sure that it will work this time, since the DFU mode seems to be some kind of ultimate firmware override mode, but after hours of effort I'm still stuck with iOS 9 and nothing has worked out to bring me back to iOS 7.1.2.
So as the title states: How can I downgrade my iPhone 4S to iOS 7.1.2?
(As I am going to jailbreak this device afterwards, you can also show a direct way to load a jailbreaked firmware)