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While running the open https://www.google.com command in Terminal consecutive times, I have noticed the second time I run the command it just shows the original window of google.com instead of opening in a new tab. It works fine when its a different website being requested.

Is this a macOS bug? I've tried setting new tabs to always in Safari but no luck.

I'm trying to get Safari to always open a new tab even if its the same website. FYI I have a for stock alerts and automatically opens default browser new tab ​upon stock being found using Terminal however it doesn't open new tabs correctly as described above.

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This Terminal command should accomplish what you are looking for.

osascript -e 'tell application "Safari" to activate' -e 'tell application "Safari" to tell window 1 to set URL of (make new tab) to "https://www.google.com"' -e 'tell application "Safari" to tell window 1 to set current tab to last tab'
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As the open command does not produce the desired results, here is an adaptation of my answer A: Open an URL in Safari with Private Browsing that will easily allow you to open a URL from the command line in a new tab of a Safari window, whether or not a tab with that URL already exists..

It works whether or not Safari is running, and if running, whether or not a window already exists.

In Terminal, run the following compound command:

f='openurl'; touch "$f"; open -e "$f"; chmod +x "$f"

Copy and paste the example AppleScript code, shown below, into the opened openurl document, then save it.

You should then move the openurl shell script to a directory located within the shell's PATH.

I moved it to /usr/local/bin, e.g,:

sudo mv -v openurl /usr/local/bin/

Now from Terminal I can open the same URL in a new tab Safari whether or not a tab with that URL already exists.

Typing just the executable's name without any arguments shows how it can be used e.g,:

% openurl
Missing URL...
Example: openurl 'https://www.example.com'
%    

Example AppleScript code:

#!/usr/bin/osascript

on run args
    if args is {} then return ¬
        "Missing URL..." & linefeed & ¬
        "Example: " & (name of me) & space & "'https://www.example.com'"
    
    set theURL to first item of args as string
    
    if not running of application id "com.apple.Safari" then
        tell application id "com.apple.Safari"
            activate
            set i to 0
            repeat until exists window 1
                delay 0.1
                set i to i + 1
                if i ≥ 40 then return
            end repeat
            set URL of current tab of window 1 to theURL
        end tell
    else
        tell application id "com.apple.Safari"
            if exists window 1 then
                tell window 1 to set URL of (make new tab) to theURL
            else
                make new document with properties {URL: theURL}
            end if
        end tell
    end if
end run


Note: The example AppleScript code is just that and sans any included error handling does not contain any additional error handling as may be appropriate. The onus is upon the user to add any error handling as may be appropriate, needed or wanted. Have a look at the try statement and error statement in the AppleScript Language Guide. See also, Working with Errors. Additionally, the use of the delay command may be necessary between events where appropriate, e.g. delay 0.5, with the value of the delay set appropriately.

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