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1777
votes
7answers
1.2m views

Why am I getting an “invalid active developer path” when attempting to use Git after upgrading to macOS Catalina?

After upgrading to macOS Catalina, I tried to run git from Terminal but it kept giving me the following error: xcrun: error: invalid active developer path (/Library/Developer/CommandLineTools), ...
578
votes
155answers
330k views

Please share your hidden macOS features or tips and tricks

Do you know any hidden or little-known nice feature of macOS (née Mac OS X)? It doesn't matter what it is—maybe just a short terminal command or a keyboard shortcut. Share your experiences on ...
526
votes
8answers
468k views

List of all packages installed using Homebrew

Is it possible to and how do I get a list of all the packages installed on my Mac using Homebrew? I am not interested in packages installed outside of Homebrew.
510
votes
5answers
424k views

How can I permanently add my SSH private key to Keychain so it is automatically available to ssh?

It seems that ssh-add -K ~/.ssh/id_rsa will load your key but will ask for the password each time you reboot. I am looking for a solution that would not require me to re-enter the key password ...
404
votes
133answers
239k views

Got any tips or tricks for Terminal in Mac OS X?

One tip or trick per answer. My favorite is open . Opens the folder you're currently browsing in Finder. You can also pass URLs, images, documents or else to open. If you specify a program name ...
381
votes
14answers
200k views

git auto-complete for *branches* at the command line?

On my Linux machine I have autocomplete for branches with Git. [Note we are talking about git branch completion, not bash completion (e.g. commands, files, etc). Thus NOT Lane's answer at all] For ...
369
votes
7answers
267k views

How do I recompile Bash to avoid Shellshock (the remote exploit CVE-2014-6271 and CVE-2014-7169)?

Given that Bash 3.2 (the version shipped by OS X) is vulnerable to the remote execution exploit known as "Shell Shock" (CVE-2014-6271 and CVE-2014-7169) how do I rebuild Bash and secure my system ...
367
votes
5answers
515k views

How can I create a symbolic link in Terminal?

What command is used to create a symbolic link/soft link?
360
votes
12answers
127k views

Remap “Home” and “End” to beginning and end of line

Most of my computing time is spent in Linux (with occasional time in Windows). On these platforms the Home and End keys universally jump to the beginning or end of the current line. I am gradually ...
357
votes
2answers
154k views

What is the difference between `brew` and `brew cask`?

So, what is the difference between brew and brew cask? I know that homebrew is a package management software. But what kind of software can I get there? Is it open source software and commercial ...
354
votes
7answers
154k views

How do I disable Chrome's two-finger back/forward navigation?

In dev builds of Chrome, they've implemented, refined, and released two-finger swipes left/right in order to browse back/forward in the browser history. Unfortunately, you can accidentally trigger it ...
350
votes
10answers
272k views

How can I configure Mac Terminal to have color ls output?

How can I configure Mac Terminal to have color ls output? I am using MacOS 10.5
346
votes
38answers
205k views

What Window Management Options exist for OS X?

I'd like to do something with my windows on OS X, where something includes options like re-arranging, moving, re-sizing, remembering positions, cloning across Spaces, etc. What options exist? Rules ...
334
votes
11answers
327k views

Shortcut for toggling between different windows of same app?

I opened two Google Chrome windows (because I am using multiple Gmails) and when I do the Cmd ⌘ Tab ⇥ shortcut it just shows me other applications that I opened but does not show me the other Chrome ...
324
votes
12answers
183k views

How can I trigger a Notification Center notification from an AppleScript or shell script?

I'd love to be able to take advantage of 10.8's Notification Center features in AppleScripts and shell scripts I write. Is there a built-in command or a third-party library I can use from either an ...
309
votes
7answers
287k views

Why does my dock keep moving back to my other monitor?

I have a larger, external monitor connected to my MacBook Pro and have arranged it such that the dock is in the external monitor (via System Preferences > Displays > Arrangement, by dragging the white ...
301
votes
5answers
104k views

How can I disable animation when switching desktops in Lion?

I would very much like to disable the sliding animation that occurs when switching desktops via ctrl+→/← or ctrl+[number] in Lion. This was previously accomplished in previous versions ...
293
votes
7answers
234k views

How to find cause of high kernel_task cpu usage?

Occasionally my machine will have a kernel_task instance max out the CPU: This can last from minutes to sometimes hours. The machine is effectively unusable in this state. Restarting doesn't help; a ...
289
votes
5answers
229k views

What is the difference between .bash_profile and .bashrc?

To make an alias for the Terminal in OS X, you can either put the aliases in .bash_profile or .bashrc. What is the difference between the two and why would I choose to put aliases in one and not the ...
279
votes
7answers
129k views

“File Open” dialog is missing sidebar items

I'm having the strangest issue since updating to OS X El Capitan. My "Open File" dialogs show the sidebar but all my main (and useful) locations are missing. Take a look at this screenshot. This ...
277
votes
4answers
369k views

How do I stop the Adobe Creative Cloud app from auto-launching on login?

How do I stop the Adobe Creative Cloud app from auto-launching on login? I don't see any option of stopping this, and for some reason it's not in OS X's user login options.
274
votes
3answers
1.5m views

How to Retrieve the Wi-Fi Password of a Connected Network on a Mac

I need to find the password for a Wi-Fi network that I am already connected to. I'm using a MacBook Pro that's running OS X Lion. Any guidance is appreciated.
272
votes
3answers
178k views

Hotkey to show hidden files and folders in File Open dialog?

This question is very similar to Is it possible to always show hidden/dotfiles in Open/Save dialogs?. How to show hidden files and folders in finder? is also related. However, I don't want to always ...
266
votes
10answers
145k views

How to separate “mouse” and “trackpad” settings?

In System Preferences > Mouse there's a setting "Scroll direction: natural", which I don't like, so I unset. The problem is that this also unsets the setting for Trackpad, which I do like. How can ...
259
votes
8answers
557k views

How to change computer name so terminal displays it in Mac OS X Mountain Lion? [duplicate]

When I setup my computer I named it "Scott's MacBook Pro". And so when I go to System preferences->Sharing, it says Scott's MacBook Pro there as my computer name. However, opening up a terminal gives ...
254
votes
12answers
377k views

How do I downgrade node or install a specific previous version using homebrew?

I'm using brew. I have node installed, using brew. I want to use an earlier version of node. Online, I find instructions such as, for example: cd /usr/local/Library/Formula brew remove node --force ...
249
votes
3answers
164k views

What is the “rootless” feature in El Capitan, really?

I have just learned about the "Rootless" feature in El Capitan, and I am hearing things like "There is no root user", "Nothing can modify /System" and "The world will end because we can't get root". ...
246
votes
7answers
72k views

Using Alt/Cmd + Right/Left Arrow in iTerm

Is it possible to move between words in iTerm using Alt + Right/Left Arrows ? Now if I press Alt+Left I will get '[D' and '[C' if I press Alt+Right.
244
votes
7answers
132k views

Make the green full screen window icon on Yosemite maximize windows

On Mac OS X Yosemite the green icon in every window: is by default used to make the application full screen. How do I make it work the same way as in previous versions of Mac OS X, i.e. to maximize ...
243
votes
8answers
704k views

How can I manually delete old backups to free space for Time Machine?

I use a Time Capsule for backup and now I want the drive to back up data from an extra Mac. But the drive is filled up with old backups from Mac 1. There simply is not enough space available for the ...
243
votes
1answer
74k views

How to prevent Mac from changing the order of Desktops/Spaces

You may have encountered a situation in which Mac changes the order of desktops based on some events like alerts on a program or a web page in browser. How could I disable this logical change? Note: ...
237
votes
4answers
654k views

How can I list my open network ports with netstat?

I would like to list my open network ports in Terminal with built in commands. As what I know, netstat is the command to use. But I'm struggling to get any useful information out of it. How can I ...
234
votes
16answers
572k views

How to combine two images into one on a Mac?

Say I have two photos (or any images), for example with the following dimensions: +----------+ +----------+ | | | | | | | | |320 x 428 | and |...
221
votes
13answers
401k views

Why doesn't .bashrc run automatically?

I put some alias commands in my .bashrc file, so that they might be loaded everytime I open a new Terminal window. Yet this doesn't happen. I have to select run script: in the Terminal>Preferences>"...
214
votes
8answers
91k views

iTerm - going one word backwards and forwards

Would it be possible to configure iTerm 2 to go backwards and forwards one word through the curent text in the command line using a keyboard shortcut?
212
votes
8answers
91k views

I included emoji in my password and now I can't log in to my Account on Yosemite

I wanted to check if it's possible to use emoji in a password for my Account on OS Yosemite. It worked but I didn't realize that the login screen has only native keyboards, so I can't type emoji there....
210
votes
6answers
93k views

Applications Don't Show Up in Spotlight

Spotlight has stopped showing any results for my Applications. I've tried reindexing and removing the index so it rebuilds it. No change. I've tried adding Applications to the Privacy tab and removing ...
206
votes
13answers
199k views

What do I type to produce the command symbol (⌘) in Mac OS X?

What combination of keys do I press to produce the command symbol (⌘) on Mac OS X? (I copied the above symbol from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Command_key.)
204
votes
21answers
253k views

Is there a Mac OS X Terminal version of the “free” command in Linux systems?

On Linux, I often use the free command to see the current amount of free and used memory in the system. For example: $ free total used free shared buffers cached ...
200
votes
11answers
270k views

mds and mds_stores constantly consuming cpu

mds and mds_stores are constant CPU consumers even when I think nothing should have changed on the hard drive. Activity Monitor: I have a circa 2009 Macbook Pro. Lots of software installed over the ...
199
votes
10answers
134k views

macOS Sierra doesn’t seem to remember SSH keys between reboots

I have to run this command since upgrading to macOS: ssh-add -K Corrects the problem after the reboot but I have to run this command every time I log on to my computer. If I do not run the command ...
199
votes
6answers
139k views

How to replace Mac OS X utilities with GNU core utilities?

I found there is some differences between the utility command I used on the mac OSX and linux. I want to make my experience united. How could I replace all my mac utilities with GNU utilities?
198
votes
7answers
574k views

How do I find my IP Address from the command line?

I know you can do ifconfig | grep inet, but that shows you several IPv4 addresses. How do I get the specific one for SSHing et al?
198
votes
10answers
115k views

How do I remove the Google Chrome notifications bell icon from the Mac OS X menu bar?

This bell icon showed up in my menu bar one day and there's no obvious way to disable it. How do I get rid of it?
198
votes
7answers
1.3m views

How do I combine two or more images to get a single pdf file?

Say I have some image files (for instance, the result of scanning some sheets) and I want to combine them into a single pdf file, each image on a different page. Is there a faster / more convenient ...
182
votes
5answers
104k views

How to fix brew after OSX upgrade to Yosemite?

I faced some issue with Homebrew. I upgraded to Yosemite. After the upgrade, homebrew seems to be broken. I would run any brew command and get this error /usr/local/bin/brew: /usr/local/Library/brew....
182
votes
5answers
346k views

Can I open files in TextEdit from the Terminal in Mac OS X?

I frequently find that a Terminal command to open a file in TextEdit would be very handy. Does such a command exist on Mac OS X?
181
votes
239answers
46k views

Which OS X Applications do you find indispensable?

Please Search Prior To Posting! There are many applications already listed. In all likelihood, this includes the one you are thinking of. Please check the existing answers to avoid duplicates, and ...
180
votes
26answers
59k views

Is there a quick way to lock my Mac?

On Windows you can hit the keys Windows+L to lock your computer if you step away. I don't want to have to remember if sleep currently asks for a password, if there is a time out where my screen isn't ...
178
votes
107answers
54k views

What tiny thing in Lion makes you smile or has caught you off guard?

I would like to call for a place to list some little things that surprise you about Lion. There are so many articles and lists of all the new features with information overload, I would rather focus ...

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