Questions tagged [terminal]

Questions about the Terminal application or its terminal emulation should use this tag. Use **command-line** for questions about shells or command-line programs that do not specifically involve Terminal.

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404
votes
133answers
237k views

Got any tips or tricks for Terminal in Mac OS X?

One tip or trick per answer. My favorite is open . Opens the folder you're currently browsing in Finder. You can also pass URLs, images, documents or else to open. If you specify a program name ...
353
votes
12answers
183k views

git auto-complete for *branches* at the command line?

On my Linux machine I have autocomplete for branches with Git. [Note we are talking about git branch completion, not bash completion (e.g. commands, files, etc). Thus NOT Lane's answer at all] For ...
351
votes
5answers
493k views

How can I create a symbolic link in Terminal?

What command is used to create a symbolic link/soft link?
336
votes
10answers
259k views

How can I configure Mac Terminal to have color ls output?

How can I configure Mac Terminal to have color ls output? I am using MacOS 10.5
305
votes
12answers
172k views

How can I trigger a Notification Center notification from an AppleScript or shell script?

I'd love to be able to take advantage of 10.8's Notification Center features in AppleScripts and shell scripts I write. Is there a built-in command or a third-party library I can use from either an ...
247
votes
4answers
194k views

What is the difference between .bash_profile and .bashrc?

To make an alias for the Terminal in OS X, you can either put the aliases in .bash_profile or .bashrc. What is the difference between the two and why would I choose to put aliases in one and not the ...
219
votes
7answers
61k views

Using Alt/Cmd + Right/Left Arrow in iTerm

Is it possible to move between words in iTerm using Alt + Right/Left Arrows ? Now if I press Alt+Left I will get '[D' and '[C' if I press Alt+Right.
206
votes
4answers
592k views

How can I list my open network ports with netstat?

I would like to list my open network ports in Terminal with built in commands. As what I know, netstat is the command to use. But I'm struggling to get any useful information out of it. How can I ...
202
votes
13answers
368k views

Why doesn't .bashrc run automatically?

I put some alias commands in my .bashrc file, so that they might be loaded everytime I open a new Terminal window. Yet this doesn't happen. I have to select run script: in the Terminal>Preferences>"...
194
votes
21answers
230k views

Is there a Mac OS X Terminal version of the “free” command in Linux systems?

On Linux, I often use the free command to see the current amount of free and used memory in the system. For example: $ free total used free shared buffers cached ...
185
votes
10answers
123k views

macOS Sierra doesn’t seem to remember SSH keys between reboots

I have to run this command since upgrading to macOS: ssh-add -K Corrects the problem after the reboot but I have to run this command every time I log on to my computer. If I do not run the command ...
181
votes
5answers
125k views

How to replace Mac OS X utilities with GNU core utilities?

I found there is some differences between the utility command I used on the mac OSX and linux. I want to make my experience united. How could I replace all my mac utilities with GNU utilities?
168
votes
5answers
320k views

Can I open files in TextEdit from the Terminal in Mac OS X?

I frequently find that a Terminal command to open a file in TextEdit would be very handy. Does such a command exist on Mac OS X?
159
votes
7answers
506k views

How do I find my IP Address from the command line?

I know you can do ifconfig | grep inet, but that shows you several IPv4 addresses. How do I get the specific one for SSHing et al?
159
votes
9answers
144k views

using terminal to copy a file to clipboard

I got a file on desktop, file name is ded.html. To copy the file, I click the file and press cmd+c. Now how would I do the same thing using terminal ?
149
votes
10answers
134k views

What is the difference between iTerm2 and Terminal?

I keep hearing that iTerm2 is much better than Terminal. However, when I downloaded iTerm2, I didn't see what made it preferable over Terminal. What are the differences between these two apps?
148
votes
6answers
106k views

iTerm as a slide-out terminal from the top of the screen

I have installed iTerm2 and was hoping I'd have something like guake (Yes I just switched from Ubuntu). I mapped the hotkey to a button of my choice and it works fine, but I miss the slide-down-from-...
145
votes
5answers
61k views

Open Finder window from current Terminal location?

If I am in a specific path in a Terminal window, how can I open that same window in a new Finder window? Note: This is the opposite of opening a Terminal from Finder.
120
votes
4answers
429k views

Using The Terminal Command to Shutdown, Restart and Sleep My Mac?

I'm getting more interested in using Terminal as an alternative way to address solutions on my Mac. I have seen this question entitled "Is there a better way to shutdown/restart OSX?". I would ...
117
votes
2answers
19k views

What functionality do 'marks' offer in the El Capitan Terminal?

Since upgrading to OS X El Capitan, I've noticed a change in the Terminal: Executed lines show an opening bracket on the left, and a closing bracket on the right, as shown in this screenshot: Similar ...
110
votes
14answers
155k views

How can I open a Terminal window directly from my current Finder location?

I was wondering if there was any was I could right click inside any instance of a "Finder" window such that I have an option that says "Open Terminal Here". It would be really helpful.
109
votes
25answers
190k views

OS X Terminal “must have” utilities [closed]

I've just read with pleasure, and learned a lot from these questions : OS X Terminal Tips and Tricks OS X Hidden features and nice tips & tricks OS X Applications you can't live without But I ...
101
votes
13answers
394k views

Is there an OS X terminal program that can access serial ports?

What programs can act as a terminal and access serial ports? This is not for terminal access on an IP connection, this is so I can access a hardware device plugged into a USB/serial converter running ...
101
votes
7answers
77k views

How can I prevent an SSH session from hanging in OS X Terminal?

When I close my MacBook with an active SSH session in Terminal and then wake it up, the prompt goes unresponsive. In about five minutes it says Write failed: Broken pipe and terminates. This ...
95
votes
2answers
152k views

Why doesn't Mac OS X source ~/.bashrc? [duplicate]

I found a lot of people figuring out why instruction similar to this : Put X to your ~/.bashrc and you can do Y don't work. It always turns out that Mac OS X's bash's startup files (or Mac's Bash ...
94
votes
3answers
71k views

How do I delete all Terminal mail?

I set up a cronjob a long time ago that now doesn't exist. Whenever I open up Terminal, it now says "You have mail". I have something like 100 messages that all say the same thing. How do I mass ...
93
votes
10answers
37k views

How do I speed up new Terminal tab loading time?

How can i speed up the terminal startup in Lion? I'm not referring to the startup of the Terminal application, but to the startup terminal windows, like when i open a new tab. I don't have anything ...
93
votes
2answers
155k views

How can I list and edit all defined aliases in Terminal?

A friend who owned my current Mac before me created a lot of alias commands. Is there a way to list all defined aliases and the command that is associated with them? And if so, am I able to edit ...
88
votes
6answers
135k views

Are my permissions for /usr/local/ correct?

I’m using HomeBrew for my port needs (seems a bit “cleaner” than MacPorts). I can install without sudoing (which is great), but the man linking step seems to require it (/usr/local/share/man/man3 ...
87
votes
5answers
376k views

How do I run a .sh or .command file in Terminal

I've always wanted to be able to run a script I've downloaded online directly from the Finder but just double clicking the file does not work.
87
votes
3answers
101k views

How to switch or close the new split Terminal pane?

I stumbled across the CMD-D hot key which splits the Terminal into 2 panes. But I can't find documentation anywhere on how to close the new pane or even switch the focus to it so I can use it. What ...
84
votes
7answers
500k views

How to cd to a directory with a name containing spaces in bash?

I tried cd "~/Library/Application Support/" -bash: cd: ~/Library/Application Support/: No such file or directory also cd ~/Library/Application Support/ -bash: cd: ~/Library/Application Support/: No ...
80
votes
6answers
52k views

Update bash to version 4.0 on OSX

Is it possible to actually update bash to version 4.0 in OSX Yosemite? echo $BASH_VERSION 3.2.57(1)-release This article and this thread refer to the same question, but they install a new shell side-...
80
votes
2answers
207k views

Installing .pkg with terminal ?

Is it possible to install a .pkg using a terminal ? (I wanted to install an app through ssh).
79
votes
4answers
55k views

Is bash in OSX case-insensitive?

Are bash commands on OSX case insensitive? I type "which TR" and it shows /usr/bin/TR, though there is no such binary there. Same thing for other binaries, when capitalized. Or is Terminal.app maybe ...
78
votes
19answers
301k views

Is there a way to start a specific application with a keyboard short cut? [duplicate]

Sort of like the Windows+R command in the windows world? That actually just lets you run a command but you get the idea.
78
votes
7answers
285k views

How can I mount an SMB share from the command line?

I would like to mount an SMB network share from the command line (terminal); how would I go about that? I am using Mac OS X 10.6.4.
76
votes
11answers
49k views

Can home and end keys be mapped when using Terminal?

The home and end keys on a MacBook Pro can be emulated with fn + left arrow or fn + right arrow. Or when certain settings are changed, with the Command (Apple) key instead of fn. None of these ...
75
votes
4answers
12k views

What are the practical differences between Bash and Zsh?

With the news that Catalina will default to Zsh instead of Bash, I'm finding lots of results telling me about the switch, and that it may cause problems with shell scripts, but I'm not familiar enough ...
74
votes
7answers
218k views

How can I list all user accounts in the terminal?

How can I list all local user accounts in Terminal (whether logged in or not?) The commands users or who does not provide this information. OS X version is 10.6.8. I have seen this suggested command -...
73
votes
5answers
82k views

Why is my host name wrong at the Terminal prompt when connected to a public WiFi network? [duplicate]

For three days straight, I have connected to the public WiFi network at my local library. Each day, I have seen a different prompt in Terminal. Here are some of the prompts I've seen: zp-pc:~ russell$...
73
votes
3answers
448k views

How to open files via Terminal

I want to open videos and pictures from Terminal. Is there any way to do this?
71
votes
19answers
142k views

Password dialog appears when SSH private key permissions are set to 0600

I installed my SSH private key in ~/.ssh/id_rsa and set its permissions to 0600. When I connect to an SSH server which uses my private key in Terminal.app via ssh, a dialog pops up and asks me to ...
69
votes
7answers
339k views

How do I set environment variables on OS X?

I have always difficulties setting the Environment variables in OS X like JAVA_HOME, M2_HOME or PATH. How to set these on OS X Mavericks? I did some research but the answers I've found didn't really ...
69
votes
6answers
30k views

Disable line wrapping for output in the Terminal

I often read outputs in the terminal that get wrapped as they are too long. Since there is no way that I can modify the printed output, I need to let the Terminal allow for horizontal scrolling. Is ...
65
votes
8answers
246k views

How do I start TextEditor from the command line?

I work a lot at the command line in a Terminal and would like to start a text editor on a certain file. I'm from Linux Land and normally use kwrite or gedit from a bash shell. Trying to find the Mac ...
65
votes
7answers
18k views

Disable Command-W in the terminal

Is there any way to disable Command+W in the terminal? On several occasions I have accidentally closed a terminal window containing important information when I meant to close a Safari tab and did ...
64
votes
5answers
29k views

reattach terminal tab to another window

Suppose you have a terminal with two tabs. You click, drag, and let go one of these tabs and it becomes an independent terminal window. After a while, you want to take this terminal window and ...
63
votes
6answers
223k views

Using Terminal, how can I find which directory is my USB drive mounted in?

I am using Terminal and have looked through directories. I just can't find where my USB drive its directory is. Which directory is my USB drive mounted in?
61
votes
8answers
84k views

How to monitor file access for an OS X application?

I am looking for the OS X corespondent of FileMon, that was later included in ProcessMon. BTW, it is essential to be able to filter by process.