Questions tagged [macos]

macOS is the current marketing name for Apple's Macintosh Operating System. This OS was previously known as OS X, and Mac OS X before that (which itself succeeded the 'classic' Mac OS).

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61 votes
5 answers

How can I download an older version of OS X/macOS?

Sometimes it's hard to search for older / previous versions of macOS & OS X on the App Store or Apple web site since they change links to promote the newest shipping version. This is an attempt to ...
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130 votes
19 answers

How can I figure out what's slowly eating my drive space?

Every few days I get notices on my MacBook that it's running or run out of hard drive space. Curiously, restarting the computer will enable me to recover gigabytes of space (this past time, it was ...
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193 votes
6 answers

How do I disable System Integrity Protection (SIP) AKA "rootless" on macOS?

Apple has introduced System Integrity Protection, also known as "rootless", with OS X 10.11, El Capitan. I understand this is a step for general protection against malware but as a developer I need ...
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159 votes
10 answers

OS X computer name not matching what shows on terminal

My computer name in System Preferences > Sharing is set to "archos", but is showing as "iphone" on Terminal. It just started doing this after I loaded Xcode for doing iPhone ...
78 votes
5 answers

I don't have administrator account on my mac

On my mac I have 2 accounts and the both are normal account. So in this moment I don't have a Administrator account, only one that was in the past a administrator, but now is not. How I can have ...
11 votes
1 answer

What is an efficient way for developers / power users to use OSX window management and Spaces on a single screen?

This may be a strange question. Background: I usually work in a multiple monitor setup, where I can plaster the screen with all my windows so nothing I might need to switch to is ever hidden from ...
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531 votes
15 answers

Shortcut for toggling between different windows of same app?

I opened two Google Chrome windows (because I am using multiple Gmails) and when I do the Cmd ⌘ Tab ⇥ shortcut it just shows me other applications that I opened but does not show me the other Chrome ...
  • 5,313
15 votes
2 answers


Yesterday, I have tried to delete an Ubuntu partition. Since, my Mac (13", MBPro mid-2014) doesn't boot. Now, I boot on Mac OS copy with an USB. i follow different subject of this forum (like this : ...
262 votes
3 answers

What is the "rootless" feature in El Capitan, really?

I have just learned about the "Rootless" feature in El Capitan, and I am hearing things like "There is no root user", "Nothing can modify /System" and "The world will end because we can't get root". ...
  • 8,419
59 votes
12 answers

Is it possible to use Boot Camp with Windows 10 from an external HDD?

I need to run Visual Studio on my MacBook Pro and I need Windows to do that. The easiest and well known way to install Windows on a Mac is by running the Boot Camp app on the Mac and let it do what's ...
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18 votes
7 answers

How can I get back a system file after deleting it from my Mac?

I've deleted a system file from my Mac and need to get it back. System files can include: hidden files in the root of / - especially unix files in /private /System files /Library files /...
  • 192k
53 votes
2 answers

How can I get admin access to a Mac without knowing the current password?

My Father died last year and I inherited his Mac Mini. My wife has retired and we are trying to set up the mini for her use but the changes we want to make require admin access and we do not have the ...
660 votes
13 answers

How to find cause of high kernel_task cpu usage?

Occasionally my machine will have a kernel_task instance max out the CPU: This can last from minutes to sometimes hours. The machine is effectively unusable in this state. Restarting doesn't help; a ...
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68 votes
8 answers

How do I write to NTFS drives in OS X?

What is the best, easiest, preferably cheapest way to make OS X write to NTFS-formatted drives in Mac OS X?
  • 1,457
100 votes
7 answers

Isn't Inactive memory a waste of resources?

I'm looking for explanation of memory usage on my machine especially in light of the example in this screenshot below: I understand what is Free and Active means But what are the meanings of Wired ...
  • 2,728
66 votes
12 answers

Can I create a shortcut to open a specific application on OS X?

I want to create a keyboard shortcut to i.e. open Firefox while I am working in another application. I know I can use ⌘ CMD+T when I am in Firefox to open a new tab. I haven't found a way to create ...
  • 1,123
39 votes
8 answers

Resizing or expanding a CoreStorage volume

I bought a new SSD with 750 GB and made two partitions: 600 GB and 150 GB. The smaller one was thought to be a Bootcamp partition one day, but to date it was just another unused partition. When I ...
  • 517
86 votes
4 answers

How do I remap a key in macOS Sierra, e.g., Right Alt to Right Control?

I used to use Karabiner to remap Right Alt to Right Control (as an Emacs user I use Control MUCH more that Alt) but updating to Sierra broke this. Downgrading is not an option. How do I manually ...
31 votes
6 answers

Are OS X shutdown cause and sleep cause numbers listed/explained anywhere?

The numbers in which I'm most interested -2 0 3 5 … I might add to that shortlist. What do those numbers mean; where might we find authoritative explanations? Somewhere in Apple open source, ...
84 votes
5 answers

On OS X, what files are excluded by rule from a Time Machine backup?

In addition to whatever files I may choose to exclude, what files does the system exclude by rule or classification? It might make sense not to backup Trash or Caches, but I'm looking for a way to ...
  • 226k
259 votes
8 answers

How can I manually delete old backups to free space for Time Machine?

I use a Time Capsule for backup and now I want the drive to back up data from an extra Mac. But the drive is filled up with old backups from Mac 1. There simply is not enough space available for the ...
14 votes
4 answers

What is a Kernel Panic and what does it mean?

I have this report: Anonymous UUID: Removed Tue Aug 11 20:26:13 2015 *** Panic Report *** panic(cpu 2 caller 0xffffff8028bc1cde): "launchd died\nState at Last Exception:\n\n"@/SourceCache/xnu/...
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32 votes
8 answers

How do I create El Capitan installer on a Catalina (or post-El Capitan) installed Mac for use on USB boot installer?

I have downloaded the El Capitan DMG file (InstallMacOSX.dmg) provided by Apple. The expanded DMG image contains the package "InstallMacOSX.pkg" which should be run to create the El Capitan ...
  • 549
342 votes
6 answers

How can I disable animation when switching desktops in Lion?

I would very much like to disable the sliding animation that occurs when switching desktops via ctrl+→/← or ctrl+[number] in Lion. This was previously accomplished in previous versions ...
  • 3,421
77 votes
6 answers

How to add characters to the press and hold character picker in OS X Lion?

In OS X Lion, there is a very useful feature for people like me who need to write in multiple languages, which pops up a small menu of additional characters when you hold down a letter. For instance, ...
  • 8,932
5 votes
2 answers

Revert to El Capitan

I'm having major 'disagreements' with Sierra, compatibility issues with software etc, & have decided to revert to El Capitan. I have done this many times in the past, tested an OS then gone back ...
  • 106k
42 votes
1 answer

What's /System/Volumes/Data?

New mac user here (Linux background). I'm running macOS Catalina (Beta5). I've noticed there are 5 volumes in my main disk container. One is mounted at /, that I understand, it's the system, another ...
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22 votes
2 answers


I was trying to install Linux on my MacBook for class when I bricked my computer, which now in an unbootable state. I made my partition too small, so I was going to delete and create a larger one. ...
8 votes
2 answers

Can Recovery Mode install OS X onto a blank SSD?

I want to install a new Solid State Drive (SSD) into the Mac. Can I just build in the SSD, start the MacBook in Recovery Mode and install OS X from there on? After reading a lot on the internet I ...
182 votes
26 answers

Is there a quick way to lock my Mac?

On Windows you can hit the keys Windows+L to lock your computer if you step away. I don't want to have to remember if sleep currently asks for a password, if there is a time out where my screen isn't ...
  • 3,215
377 votes
13 answers

How can I trigger a Notification Center notification from an AppleScript or shell script?

I'd love to be able to take advantage of 10.8's Notification Center features in AppleScripts and shell scripts I write. Is there a built-in command or a third-party library I can use from either an ...
112 votes
3 answers

Creating A Bootable USB Of Windows 8.1 On OS X?

Reasons for wanting create such a usb include: PC is unbootable and you want to prepare a bootable USB using the ISO file that you have on your external hard drive. to install Windows 8.1 on Mac ...
  • 7,321
61 votes
5 answers

MacBook Pro: How to disable discrete GPU permanently from EFI?

I'd like to disable the NVidia GTX 750M GPU on my MacBook Pro 15" (Retina, Mid 2014, Mac OS X 10.10 Yosemite). I know I can use GfxCardStatus but I read I could have a more permanent solution by ...
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44 votes
5 answers

How can I run/stop/relaunch an application automatically, at boot/login/some other time?

How do you make a script or app to run or stop running automatically when the system is booted, a user logs on, at a specific time, when a disk is attached, etc.?
  • 5,534
29 votes
2 answers

Can I mount the root (system) filesystem as writable in Big Sur?

After updating to big sur, I can no longer mount the root as writable (even with SIP disabled): sudo mount -uw / mount_apfs: volume could not be mounted: Permission denied mount: / failed with 66 How ...
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27 votes
3 answers

How do you get system diagnostic files from macOS?

I am trying to debug a crashed (or hanging) app. How do I get the diagnostic files from the crash?
  • 660
23 votes
6 answers

Constant kernel GPU panics (GPUPanic.cpp:127) on mid-2010 MacBook Pro (6,2)

Hardware is a mid 2010 MAcBook Pro 15", i7 2,66ghz, 8 GB RAM, 512 MB Video RAM. I encounter regular kernel panics for a while now, I think since upgrading to Mavericks. Usually it used to happen ...
  • 233
16 votes
1 answer

What and how does macOS Mojave implement to restrict applications access to personal data?

As well as many of the other features talked about during macOS Mojave's release like dark mode and the addition of new apps like Home, another key feature of macOS Mojave seems to be it's heightened ...
  • 635
302 votes
14 answers

Can I get the CPU temperature and fan speed from the command line in OS X?

Is there a command I can run from the command line in OS X to get the current CPU temperature and/or the fan speed(s)? To be more specific, I'd like to be able to get the same info available in the ...
  • 3,268
235 votes
12 answers

Why are dot underscore ._ files created, and how can I avoid them?

I am using different operating systems on different machines on different locations. I am using a USB flash disk to keep my files (source codes etc.). I am new to Mac OS X and now I realize there are ...
  • 2,858
72 votes
9 answers

Is there any way to set a MacBook Pro to not sleep when you close the lid?

The most common use case I have for this is when I'm playing music over AirTunes, but don't want an open laptop laying around. Or when I'm syncing or downloading something. This isn't the same as ...
  • 5,165
22 votes
6 answers

How do I change the location of macOS screen captures?

As a developer, I take a lot of screen captures. I often take screen shots to share with Stack Exchange members in chat. The problem is my Desktop is so cluttered with screen captures that they're ...
  • 8,419
19 votes
11 answers

How do I create a Mac bootable USB drive using Windows?

My MBA 2012 with OS X 10.9.4 Mavericks won't boot anymore - it simply freezes after the initial jingle. I already tried resetting NVRAM and SMC, but to no avail. I don't have any time machine backups. ...
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11 votes
5 answers

Using Apple Script to Manage Sound Output Selection

I am brand new here and I have an additional clarification or need additional help for an issue from this thread - Applescript: "can't get tab group 1 of window" (El Capitan) In my ...
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439 votes
7 answers

How can I create a symbolic link in Terminal?

What command is used to create a symbolic link/soft link?
  • 4,399
111 votes
1 answer

How do I automate a key press in AppleScript?

Is it possible to automate the key press of a key (such as "a" or "<") in Mozilla Firefox, Google Chrome or Safari (in this order)? I'd like to automate the key press of "a" for example in Mozilla ...
  • 1,756
10 votes
2 answers

Installing Ubuntu on Mac with macOS and Windows already installed

I have a dual-boot MacBook Pro late 2013 with macOS Sierra and Windows 10 (BOOTCAMP) already installed. I want to install Ubuntu as a third OS. Is there any (easy) way to do it? > Disk Partitions:...
603 votes
155 answers

Please share your hidden macOS features or tips and tricks

Do you know any hidden or little-known nice feature of macOS (née Mac OS X)? It doesn't matter what it is—maybe just a short terminal command or a keyboard shortcut. Share your experiences on ...
51 votes
5 answers

How do I remove duplicate "Open With" context menu items in

For whatever reason, the "Open With" context menu in Finder is always listing every app four times (exactly). I've also used to clear user and system caches, but I'm still left ...
user avatar
44 votes
9 answers

How can I create or recreate a Lion recovery partition?

For whatever reason, one of our macs didn't make a recovery partition when it upgraded to Lion. Is it possible to add a recovery partition after the fact? To be clear - on a normal mac, the ...
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