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Look at your hard drive. Now look at me. Now look at a recent snapshot in your Backups.backupdb directory from after the 10.8.3 release (March 14th-ish); now look at mine. Hopefully, your snapshot doesn't look like mine, because if it did, you'd notice that Time Machine hasn't been backing up /Applications, /Developer, /Library, /System, or /private for the past two months.

Um, what??? There's no setting related to this in System Prefs, and I actually have 10 GB still free on the drive, and I'm reasonably certain this started happening after installing the 10.8.3 update. Except for individual user files, Time Machine is completely useless to me right now and all of the backups done in the past two months are invalid for system restore.

Before 10.8.3:

ligeti:Macintosh HD nick$ cd 2013-03-18-003447/Macintosh\ HD/
ligeti:Macintosh HD nick$ ls -a
.               Users
..              Volumes
.DS_Store           bin
.DocumentRevisions-V100     cores
.com.apple.backupd.mvlist.plist etc
.file               lib
.vbt5               mach_kernel
.vol                opt
Applications            pbcl.db
Developer           private
Games               sbin
Library             tmp
Network             usr
System              var

After 10.8.3:

ligeti:Ligeti nick$ cd 2013-03-25-001307/Macintosh\ HD/
ligeti:Macintosh HD nick$ ls -a
.               Users
..              Volumes
.DS_Store           cores
.DocumentRevisions-V100     etc
.com.apple.backupd.mvlist.plist lib
.file               mach_kernel
.vbt5               opt
.vol                pbcl.db
Games               tmp
Network             var

Excuse me while I fire up Carbon Copy Cloner, but does anyone have any light to shed on this? Can anyone comment as to whether they are or aren't experiencing this on 10.8.3?

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  • I checked my TM... The backups are there. Also OS 10.8.3 – GEdgar May 13 '13 at 21:31
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You aren't supposed to browse the Time Machine directory tree directly. Try entering Time Machine from the Finder and just look for those folders from there.

If you're sure that those folders aren't in the backup, check System Preferences -> Spotlight -> Privacy. To check all the excluded items, you can execute this command from Terminal:

sudo mdfind "com_apple_backup_excludeItem = 'com.apple.backupd'"

It will display a list of excluded paths. If you can't identify the source of the issue, I suggest to wipe the backup drive and to make a new backup.

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  • I went browsing through the directory tree because those backups are missing from the GUI interface. I know what the directory tree is supposed to look like. – NReilingh May 9 '13 at 16:36
  • I didn't know Spotlight exclusions were related to TM, but it does seem that what's being excluded is similar to the system files that the spotlight GUI won't search even though they are indexed. The only things on that exclusion list are cache files under my user folder, which is being backed up. – NReilingh May 9 '13 at 16:48
  • Can you comment as to whether 10.8.3 is behaving similarly with you? – NReilingh May 9 '13 at 16:49
  • I stopped using Time Machine some time ago because it kept corrupting my external HDD for unknown reasons. Now I just rsync my home folder. I used it only with OS X 10.7, and then TM didn't arbitrarily exclude those folders. – pietrodn May 11 '13 at 17:31
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Well, this thread exists, which I must have missed when I first looked into the problem.

While I'm not sure why the issue was occurring, I can reasonably say that it was related to 10.8.3, and at least one other person I asked was not experiencing the same.

Anyhow, this behavior is caused by /Library/Preferences/com.apple.TimeMachine.plist, and in particular, either the SkipSystemFiles bool key or the ExcludeByPath array.

Edit that file with admin privs to your liking using your favorite binary plist editor, re-login, and try to run a backup. If you're low on space this might take a few tries and the trashing of an .inProgress file, so keep an eye out for errors, and this is a fantastic resource for all technical Time Machine things.

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