I have a Retina Macbook Pro with the following specifications :

  • Mountain Lion OSX 10.8.2
  • Processor 2.6 GHz Intel Core i7
  • Memory 16 GB 1600 MHz DDR3 - 500 GB Flash Storage
  • 286.83 GB of 499.42 remaining
    • 3.93 GB.... Audio
    • 62.35 GB.. Movies
    • 3.51 GB.... Photos
    • 26.7 GB.... Apps
    • 0 KB......... Backup
    • 116.1 GB.. Other

How long will FileVault need to encrypt my system ?


The process to enable FileVault will read the entire 500 GB of data - whether the block is empty or full and encrypt it with the keys you set up as part of the process. So, the background IO will run the fastest if you don't have other user level disk IO running. The encryption itself will take less than 10% of one CPU on that powerful (fast) Mac - so you are really just going to see a sustained 60 to 80 MB/s re-write of the entire drive if you let the Mac sit idle. A Mac with a spinning hard drive would see between 20 to 30 MB/s so an Air or any Mac with solid state drives will be two to three times faster in this operation.

So - from the time you start, I would estimate 2-3 hours if you are getting at least 70 MB/s for writing the encrypted data back to the disk. This process does run in the background and isn't really reversible once it starts, so you can kick it off and then track the progress with diskutil.

  diskutil cs list

FYI - I'm encrypting my 3.1 TB Fusion drive on my 2017 Retina 5k iMac. It's consistently completing about 8.6 MB/second while the machine is doing NOTHING else.

That translates into 1% per hour, or more than 100 hours to complete the entire encryption process.

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