How can I open a file in its default application from the command line?

For example if I have a file foo.doc, can I type command ./foo.doc into the CLI and have that file open in Word?

Note: on my linux machine, I would use xdg-open but that doesn't work on my Mac.



open foo.doc

or, alternatively:

open -n foo.doc

to force it to open a new instance if one is already open for that app.

  • 2
    open is a very good command to get to know. – Cajunluke Aug 15 '12 at 16:34
  • 4
    open -n opens a new instance, not a window. – Lri Aug 15 '12 at 16:37
  • 4
    Also nice is open . (or any directory name in place of .), which opens Finder (the default application for a directory). – Nathan Long Aug 15 '12 at 17:03
  • 1
    where could I set default preferred program that open opens for specific file type? ( it would be great if this preference stored somewhere, cause setting it by gui is very annoying ) – gaussblurinc Feb 25 '16 at 12:46

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