With the URL
<file:///Library/Fonts> (for example in a note in NV) I can open the finder with the given location. Can I do something similar for the terminal? That is, if I write for example (doesn't work, that is the question!)
<terminal://Library/Fonts> the Terminal.app should open a new window and cd to that directory.
With the URL
Opening a New Terminal Interactively
As of Mac OS X Lion 10.7, Terminal has a “New Terminal at Folder” Service you can enable in:
System Preferences > Keyboard > Services > Files and Folders
With this Service you can open a new terminal by selecting a folder or file path in any application and choosing this Service in the contextual menu (Control-Click or Right-Click) or the Services submenu in the application menu.
It doesn’t support “file:” URLs, but you can select the path part of the URL “/Library/Fonts” and use the Service with that.
There is also a “New Terminal Tab at Folder” Service.
Opening a New Terminal Programmatically
If you need to open it from a command line or shell script, you can use the
open command to tell Terminal to open a directory pathname or “file:” URL:
open -a Terminal file:///Library/Fonts
(This is equivalent to dragging a folder, file path or “file:” URL onto the Terminal application, which opens a new Terminal at that location.)