I'm not able to get any sound when connecting a pair of 3.5 mm headphones through a USB-C to AUX adaptor (so on any of the USB-C ports).
When plugged in, I can immediately see in sound settings that it is recognized and I can select it as an input/output, but when I do so I still get no sound from it.
I use a Samsung USB-C to AUX adapter which has its own DAC. I have another adapter without DAC but that one doesn't even get recognized by my Mac. I often work on my Windows partition (Bootcamp) and it works flawlessly, plug and play, so it clearly isn't a hardware issue. I don't use the 3.5 mm port because I get cracking noise from it.
I am on the 2018 13" MacBook Pro, with Monterey version 12.4.