Since my Macbook Pro (Big Sur 11.6) is burning through its battery power really quickly with mds_store clocking the most CPU usage, running the following command

sudo fs_usage -w -f filesys mds_stores

shows that /System/Volumes/VM/swapfile10 is commonly being used by mds_store. Running sudo fs_usage | grep /System/Volumes/VM/swapfile10 shows that this file is constantly being used by Brave Browser.

However, when I tried to exclude /System/Volumes/VM/ from being indexed by Spotlight by going to System Preference > Spotlight > Privacy, I get a Privacy List Error, stating that

The item couldn't be added or removed because of an unknown error.

enter image description here

How can we fix this and exclude the directory from Spotlight indexing?


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