In your question, you asked how to fix using a flash drive. This answer addresses this part of your question.
The following is generally true for Macs of your vintage.
- Windows needed be installed to BIOS boot. If you can get Windows to UEFI boot, then some of the hardware usually did not work properly.
- Windows and the Windows installer can not BIOS boot from USB drives.
- Booting from ExFAT formatted Windows installer first requires installing High Sierra or newer version of MacOS. The High Sierra installer does a firmware upgrade which allows booting from APFS and ExFAT volumes.
So, if the newest version of OS X (or macOS) ever installed is OS X 10.11.6 on your Mac Pro, then one may incorrectly conclude installing Window 10 by USB flash drive would not be possible. However, this is probably not true.
It turns out that the Windows installer (as well as Windows) can be BIOS booted from Grub. One method of acquiring Grub would be to install Debian Linux. This version of Linux offers an USB flash drive installer which can be EFI booted and install a BIOS booting Grub and 64 bit Debian. Once Grub is used to boot the Windows Installer, Grub and Debian can be replaced by Windows. As you can imagine, the installation procedure is complex with many steps. Therefore, you would probably want to try using a DL DVD first to install Windows 10.
Below is a link to an answer where Grub is used to install a 64 bit Windows 10. If you were to choose to use Grub, then the procedure would have to be modified to work with your Mac. For example, you would use a 64 bit Debian instead of a 32 bit Debian.
Can a version of Windows newer than Vista be installed on MacBookPro2,2 2006 Core 2 Duo?