I had Terminal and TextEdit open, a couple of Finder windows, and possibly another app or two.
This was a few hours after updating to macOS 11.1 (20C69) in case that is the cause.
In Terminal, I did
su - Admin to change permissions on a directory with sudo. I forgot to exit before trying to open a new file with TextEdit, so of course I got an error (one account can't open windows in another app's GUI).
Exited Admin and tried again. Got the same error! Quit TextEdit and re-launched—same error!
Restarted laptop and logged in again. Now, Terminal and Safari can't be launched (possibly others). Pop-up appears and vanishes quickly. After several tries, I finally managed to read the first line: "Application (app) interrupted restart."
Switched user to Admin to send this question. Safari & Terminal both functioning on this account.
In the Admin account, interestingly, when tried to use sudo, I was rejected. Did
id and found that that the shell (in Terminal launched by admin account) was running my non-admin account!!! Had to
su to kill processes (see my answer).
Cause and/or solution?