I have a 6TB external drive partitioned into two equal partitions. One is NTFS and the other is compatible with Time Machine backups. The drive is then connected to the Airport Extreme via USB. The Mac can see the Time Machine formatted drive. Neither the PC or the Mac see the NTFS partition.
According to the Apple support article https://support.apple.com/en-ca/HT202807
The disk must be formatted as Mac OS Extended, FAT16, or FAT32.
AirPort base stations don't support encrypted formats or disks formatted as APFS, ExFAT, or NTFS.
So, unfortunately, it seems like the the answer to your title is no, at least for the Windows / NTFS portion. However, since Time Capsule and AirPort share HFS+ over SMB - any client can write to the disk if you just format all of it using one of the supported file systems (Mac OS Extended, FAT16, or FAT32).