Sorry, but not yet. Apple could add this in the future, but it isn't in iOS under Voice Control or Siri currently. If you know who called, you could ask for them by name. Unfortunately, that's the only solution with Siri.
I was driving down the freeway yesterday and my phone call was cut off. Sounds like the perfect time to tell Siri to redial. I was shocked that Siri does not do this after being in release for so long.