You can use a feature called iCloud Tabs.
iCloud keeps the tabs you have open in Safari up to date on your iPhone, iPad, iPod touch, and Mac. That means you can go from one device to the next and pick up browsing wherever you left off.
Once you have iCloud Tabs setup, simply launch Safari on your MacBook and go to Safari Menu bar → View → Show Tab Overview, or use the keyboard shortcut Shift + Command + /.
The web pages open in Safari on all your linked devices are listed just below the tabs open in the current window.
The iCloud Tabs are listed just below all the open tabs in the current Safari window, so you may have to a bit of scrolling if you have a lot of tabs open in Safari on your Mac.
The beauty of iCloud Tabs is that it also works the other way round. You can easily open pages from your Mac on your iPhone. This comes in handy especially since iPhone (unlike iPad) doesn't show a Handoff icon in the Dock.