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I'm using MacOS 10.13.6 (High Seirra) I was reading through some ways to launch new windows of Chrome on macOS and keep running into the same problem; How can I launch multiple instances of Chrome where CMD+Q doesn't close all of them?

Perhaps my understanding of what this action does is incorrect? I have been under the impression that when I use CMD+Tab each icon displayed is an instance of that application. enter image description here

I tried this:

open -na /Applications/Google\ Chrome.app/Contents/MacOS/Google\ Chrome

which seems to open a new window, but I still only see one instance of Google Chrome running in the Activity Monitor.

enter image description here

I found an answer from 2012 that suggests the only way possible is to literally copy the application which I can't believe is still true today. Especially since I want to be able to several instances at a time.

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    Google Chrome helper is each tab/window instance. Google Chrome is just the "shared" code. – Allan Oct 4 '18 at 15:20
  • Ok, while that makes sense, isn't there some way to have multiple instances of Chrome appear in the CMD+Tab selector? – Marcel Wilson Oct 4 '18 at 15:30
  • I'm beginning to think I'm not thinking about this situation properly. Ultimately I want to be able to work in one chrome environment while utilizing another independently. So site data, cookies, passwords aren't shared and if I close one the other is still going. – Marcel Wilson Oct 4 '18 at 15:40
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    With your additional criteria, I think your only option would be to run one in a VM. Separating the app into 'two' is still most simply done by duplicating the app itself, but that will not separate any prefs/cookies etc. – Tetsujin Oct 4 '18 at 16:09
  • @MarcelWilson That needs to go in the question or beter a new question as that is totally differnt to running multiple Chromes. Multipe apps will share the same data - unless done specially – Mark Oct 4 '18 at 19:14
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Ultimately I want to be able to work in one chrome environment while utilizing another independently. So site data, cookies, passwords aren't shared and if I close one the other is still going

Chrome has this feature built in; it's called People or Profiles

With profiles, you can keep all your Chrome info separate, like bookmarks, history, passwords, and other settings.

It's called "Profiles"

Profiles are ideal for:

  • Sharing a computer with multiple people.
  • Keeping your different accounts, like work and personal, separate.

The detailed step by steps are included in the link, but to summarize:

  • Go to Manage People
  • Add a new Person/Profile
  • Select that profile
  • Doing this would prevent the 2nd (or 3rd, 4th, 5th, etc) instance from having all of the synced bookmarks. Unless there is some way to 'copy' a profile this wouldn't be ideal. In addition, I would need to create a new profile for each Nth instance I wanted to run. – Marcel Wilson Oct 5 '18 at 15:30
  • I'm going to give you credit for the answer even if I don't like it. What I want just doesn't seem possible given Chrome's design. – Marcel Wilson Oct 5 '18 at 15:31

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