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I'm using MacOS 10.13.6 (High Seirra) I was reading through some ways to launch new windows of Chrome on macOS and keep running into the same problem; How can I launch multiple instances of Chrome where CMD+Q doesn't close all of them?

Perhaps my understanding of what this action does is incorrect? I have been under the impression that when I use CMD+Tab each icon displayed is an instance of that application. enter image description here

I tried this:

open -na /Applications/Google\ Chrome.app/Contents/MacOS/Google\ Chrome

which seems to open a new window, but I still only see one instance of Google Chrome running in the Activity Monitor.

enter image description here

I found an answer from 2012 that suggests the only way possible is to literally copy the application which I can't believe is still true today. Especially since I want to be able to several instances at a time.

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    Google Chrome helper is each tab/window instance. Google Chrome is just the "shared" code. – Allan Oct 4 '18 at 15:20
  • Ok, while that makes sense, isn't there some way to have multiple instances of Chrome appear in the CMD+Tab selector? – Marcel Wilson Oct 4 '18 at 15:30
  • I'm beginning to think I'm not thinking about this situation properly. Ultimately I want to be able to work in one chrome environment while utilizing another independently. So site data, cookies, passwords aren't shared and if I close one the other is still going. – Marcel Wilson Oct 4 '18 at 15:40
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    With your additional criteria, I think your only option would be to run one in a VM. Separating the app into 'two' is still most simply done by duplicating the app itself, but that will not separate any prefs/cookies etc. – Tetsujin Oct 4 '18 at 16:09
  • @MarcelWilson That needs to go in the question or beter a new question as that is totally differnt to running multiple Chromes. Multipe apps will share the same data - unless done specially – Mark Oct 4 '18 at 19:14
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Ultimately I want to be able to work in one chrome environment while utilizing another independently. So site data, cookies, passwords aren't shared and if I close one the other is still going

Chrome has this feature built in; it's called People or Profiles

With profiles, you can keep all your Chrome info separate, like bookmarks, history, passwords, and other settings.

It's called "Profiles"

Profiles are ideal for:

  • Sharing a computer with multiple people.
  • Keeping your different accounts, like work and personal, separate.

The detailed step by steps are included in the link, but to summarize:

  • Go to Manage People
  • Add a new Person/Profile
  • Select that profile
  • Doing this would prevent the 2nd (or 3rd, 4th, 5th, etc) instance from having all of the synced bookmarks. Unless there is some way to 'copy' a profile this wouldn't be ideal. In addition, I would need to create a new profile for each Nth instance I wanted to run. – Marcel Wilson Oct 5 '18 at 15:30
  • I'm going to give you credit for the answer even if I don't like it. What I want just doesn't seem possible given Chrome's design. – Marcel Wilson Oct 5 '18 at 15:31
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I know exactly what you're asking about, and I've been through the same problem.

Multiple profiles solves most of the problem you describe, but in my case, I need two different instances of chrome where, as you say, CTRL-Q would affect them separately. Essentially, this is the situation where I would usually just use Chrome for one purpose and Firefox for the other, but I just happen to be using a Chrome-Only app so I have no such options.

In my case I need also separate access to the separate instances from outside apps for audio input/output.

This is not a "fun" solution, but for the past few years, I've been using a (custom-compiled) instance of Chromium as my "secondary" instance of Chrome, so that MacOS considers them completely different apps, and I can customize the Chromium compile to do specific things I want, as well.

Again, the process of compiling/customizing Chromium was not fun (or fast) in the least, but if I understood you correctly, "two profiles" isn't enough unless the Mac sees the two browsers as "two completely different apps".

That technique is the only thing that has worked for me, but it's worked for many things including some fairly complicated audio work, where the Mac treats them as completely separate applications, for a couple of years now. For instance, I can log in "twice" as two completely separate users for podcast purposes, where one instance of Chrome is using audio interface A, and the instance of Chromium is using audio interface B, and Ctrl-Q on either one has no effect on the other one.

Caveats: your open-source compile compile of Chromium will lack some codecs or... DRM-something... or whatever, so some video content will be difficult or impossible to access, and you have to be pretty careful to prevent the Chromium install from stepping on (or just getting "confused" by) the user data of the "real" Chrome.

I hope I heard the problem and that helps a bit, or if you've found a better solution any time since this slightly old question, I'd love to hear about it.

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