On High Sierra 10.13.6 (17G65), trying to
bsdtar -xf something.iso fails with:
bsdtar: (Empty error message) bsdtar: Error exit delayed from previous errors.
I have plenty of disk space left and know that the ISO indeed works. For example, try a debian stretch installer ISO (that's what I originally tried it on).
bsdtar 2.8.3 - libarchive 2.8.3
Currently installing latest libarchive via homebrew to see if this persists.