Is there a command we can use via terminal to start recording audio through my macbook microphone?
(This has become one of my favorite command line utilities for video/audio conversion and streaming). It's an open source framework for audio/video encoding, decoding, streaming, converting, and muxing. It's included with many (paid) AV utilities.
You can capture the audio as a stream through Apple's AVFoundation.
Get the device ID
$ ffmpeg -f avfoundation -list_devices true -i "" [AVFoundation input device @ 0x7fda1bc152c0] AVFoundation video devices: [AVFoundation input device @ 0x7fda1bc152c0]  FaceTime HD Camera (Built-in) [AVFoundation input device @ 0x7fda1bc152c0]  Capture screen 0 [AVFoundation input device @ 0x7fda1bc152c0] AVFoundation audio devices: [AVFoundation input device @ 0x7fda1bc152c0]  USB Audio CODEC [AVFoundation input device @ 0x7fda1bc152c0]  Built-in Microphone
The device you're going to need is ":1" AVFoundation uses the convention "V:A" for "Video:Audio" so, if you want to capture video from your FaceTime camera the the audio from your Microphone, you would use "0:1". If you wanted just the audio only, you would use ":1" and leave the video out.
Record the Audio:
$ ffmpeg -f avfoundation -i ":1" -t 10 audiocapture.mp3
The above command will record 10 seconds of audio from the built in microphone and save it as
audiocapture.mp3. You can set how long you want FFMPEG to record by changing the value for
-t. If you want to record a full hour, set it to "3600".
$ ffmpeg -f avfoundation -i ":1" -t 3600 audiocapture.mp3
What the flags mean
-f= "force format". In this case we're forcing the use of AVFoundation
-i= input source. Typically it's a file, but you can use devices.
"0:1"= Record both audio and video from FaceTime camera and built-in mic
"0"= Record just video from FaceTime camera
":1"= Record just audio from built-in mic
-t= time in seconds. If you want it to run indefinitely until you stop it (ControlC) omit this value (not recommended)
Keep in mind that you're using the built-in microphone which isn't great to begin with. Ensure that you set the gain high enough (System Preferences, Sounds) so that the Mic can hear you. It would probably be best to get a quality USB microphone instead.