Today I have realized that there are two weird additions to the list of Network Devices on my Macbook Pro (High Sierra). It kind of freaks me out especially because of the weird non-latin characters associated with one of the devices. Is it something potentially dangerous? Could it be an attempt for hacking?
Most probably they appeared if you have ever connected to some other devices (other mobile phones, for instance) which shared their internet connection with you OR for charging.
Another possible reason is that someone near you has a device with the ability to create a personal Wi-Fi hotspot. Your computer is able to detect this so will add it to your list of available providers.
You can safely delete them. No, this is not dangerous and doesn't look like an attempt for hacking.
Also, check this for security: Prevent my Mac from connecting to an unsecure Wi-Fi network?
All sorts of hardware when connected can offer to the OS a connection (android and iOS devices are most common).
It's fine to delete all network interfaces you don't think you need and then watch for them to reappear when ever you physically connect accessories.
It could be harmless or it could be nefarious - so I would investigate a bit more.