I have a server (running Ubuntu 16.04) on my local network, which amongst other things, runs DMSmasq. My local domain is njj.chickenkiller.com.
Running on my Mac, if you query the DNS, it returns the LAN address of various machines on my network. E.g.:
beethoven:~ nick$ dig serv2.njj.chickenkiller.com ; <<>> DiG 9.8.3-P1 <<>> serv2.njj.chickenkiller.com ;; global options: +cmd ;; Got answer: ;; ->>HEADER<<- opcode: QUERY, status: NOERROR, id: 36867 ;; flags: qr aa rd ra; QUERY: 1, ANSWER: 1, AUTHORITY: 0, ADDITIONAL: 0 ;; QUESTION SECTION: ;serv2.njj.chickenkiller.com. IN A ;; ANSWER SECTION: serv2.njj.chickenkiller.com. 0 IN A 192.168.2.4 ;; Query time: 82 msec ;; SERVER: 192.168.2.4#53(192.168.2.4) ;; WHEN: Fri Aug 11 14:22:39 2017 ;; MSG SIZE rcvd: 61
and in this example, my Mac can correctly resolve, using the default DNS, the address of serv2 on my LAN.
However, when I use other commands (e.g. ping) sometimes they correctly resolve:
beethoven:~ nick$ ping serv2.njj.chickenkiller.com PING serv2.njj.chickenkiller.com (192.168.2.4): 56 data bytes 64 bytes from 192.168.2.4: icmp_seq=0 ttl=64 time=0.832 ms
other times, my Mac seems to ignore the result from the local DNS (which is the only name server it is configured to use) and somehow manages to use the WAN address (that you would get if you queried an other DNS):
beethoven:lib nick$ ping serv2 PING njj.chickenkiller.com (220.127.116.11): 56 data bytes 64 bytes from 18.104.22.168: icmp_seq=0 ttl=64 time=2.140 ms
As far as I can tell, the local DNS server works correctly -- it always returns the LAN address (192.168.2.4) and never returns the WAN address (22.214.171.124). I also have both Windows 7 and Linux machine running on the network when I use the ping command (or any other command) they always use the LAN address (192.168.2.4), so I assume that this is something specific to macOS.
Why is this important to me? The router I have from my ISP discards packets from the LAN attempting to access machines using the WAN address. This means that commands accessing other machines on the network fail. eg:
beethoven:lib nick$ ssh serv2 ssh: connect to host serv2 port 22: Connection refused
I am using macOS 10.12.6
Any suggestions as to how I should configure my Mac so it only uses the configured DNS to resolve hosts would be gratefully received.
EDIT: Whats my search domain?: On the network setting page the DNS server is shown as 192.168.2.4 and the search domain is shown as njj.chickenkiller.com
EDIT 2: Output of commands:
beethoven:bin nick$ networksetup -listallnetworkservices An asterisk (*) denotes that a network service is disabled. Wi-Fi *Bluetooth PAN *Thunderbolt Bridge beethoven:bin nick$ networksetup -getsearchdomains Wi-Fi There aren't any Search Domains set on Wi-Fi.
EDIT 3: dnsmasq.conf (from ubuntu 16.04 host, "serv2")
# Use google open DNS name servers (avoids the risk of a router attack) server=/#/126.96.36.199 server=/#/188.8.131.52 # Do not use /etc/hosts, but serve hostnames from /etc/hosts.dnsmasq no-hosts addn-hosts=/etc/hosts.dnsmasq local-ttl=105 # expand unqualified hostnames to suffix njj.chickenkiller.com expand-hosts domain=njj.chickenkiller.com # turn on dhcp (limit leases to 12hours so updates dont need a restart) dhcp-range=192.168.2.10,192.168.2.99,12h # and redirect all gateway requests through router dhcp-option=option:router,192.168.2.1 # and offer a time server dhcp-option=option:ntp-server,192.168.2.4 # and we are the *only* dns server dhcp-option=option:dns-server,192.168.2.4