I have a short stack of WD bus-powered external drives connected to my mid-2010 17" MBP through a 10-port powered hub. (According to specs, the hub supplies more than enough amperage to power all of them at once, but I've never actually tested the amperage.)
Over the last six months or so, I have seen irregularly recurring episodes of one or more of these drives spontaneously ejecting (not clean unmounts, but simply disconnecting). Usually, I've been able to trace the problem to the hub's power brick getting stepped on by a cat. (For some unfathomable reason, companies keep making wall warts that are not fully supported against the wall or the power strip, so that pressure on the end of the brick opposite the plug end pulls the plug out partially. Bad, bad design.)
Sometimes, though, there's no apparent cause for the disconnect. In these cases, most of the time the vanished drive will remount itself without intervention. Every so often, I'll have to unplug and replug the affected drive to get it to remount.
Today, one of these drives did the unmount trick and wouldn't remount. I've tried rebooting. I've tried plugging it directly into the MBP. I've read several questions and answers here that seem related, and tried the solutions that seemed applicable. Still no mount.
Disk Utility.app sees the drive, but cannot do anything with it. The volume name does not show up in the list. If I try Repair, it churns for a moment and then reports either "Couldn't mount disk" or "A disk with a mount point is required".
Terminal can see the disk also. Prior to reboot,
ls -@aehlFGO (my aliased custom
ls options) of /Volumes showed the volume name, but with way wrong permissions:
d--x--x--x+ 2 root admin - 102B Mar 29 00:20 Raptor/ 0: group:everyone inherited deny add_file,add_subdirectory,directory_inherit
My other external drives show correct permissions of
drwxrwxr-x@ with owner/group of either me/staff or root/wheel, with no ACL. Since reboot, of course, the affected drive is not listed in /Volumes at all.
diskutil list shows the affected drive as disk6. Everything there appears normal, except that there's no volume name:
/dev/disk6 #: TYPE NAME SIZE IDENTIFIER 0: GUID_partition_scheme *1.0 TB disk6 1: EFI 209.7 MB disk6s1 2: Apple_HFS 999.8 GB disk6s2
Per advice given in another question, I ran
sudo gpt -r show disk6 and got the following output (which I don't quite know how to interpret):
start size index contents 0 1 PMBR 1 1 Pri GPT header 2 32 Pri GPT table 34 6 40 409600 1 GPT part - C12A7328-F81F-11D2-BA4B-00A0C93EC93B 409640 1952786352 2 GPT part - 48465300-0000-11AA-AA11-00306543ECAC 1953195992 262151 1953458143 32 Sec GPT table 1953458175 1 Sec GPT header
Running the same command on one of the other external drives of the same capacity produced identical output, so I'm guessing that this means the partition table is normal.
Trying the suggestions from another answer got me nowhere:
Wed 2017-03-29 04:37:54 PM qpanda in ~ -bash 4.4.5 $ diskutil mountDisk /dev/disk6 One or more volume(s) failed to mount Wed 2017-03-29 04:46:35 PM qpanda in ~ -bash 4.4.5 $ diskutil mountDisk readOnly /dev/disk6 One or more volume(s) failed to mount Wed 2017-03-29 04:47:21 PM qpanda in ~ -bash 4.4.5 $ diskutil mountDisk /dev/disk6s1 One or more volume(s) failed to mount Wed 2017-03-29 04:48:41 PM qpanda in ~ -bash 4.4.5 $ diskutil mountDisk /dev/disk6s2 One or more volume(s) failed to mount Wed 2017-03-29 04:49:16 PM qpanda in ~ -bash 4.4.5 $ diskutil unmountDisk /dev/disk6 Unmount of disk6 failed: at least one volume could not be unmounted Wed 2017-03-29 04:55:22 PM qpanda in ~ -bash 4.4.5 $ diskutil unmountDisk force /dev/disk6 Forced unmount of disk6 failed: at least one volume could not be unmounted Wed 2017-03-29 04:57:01 PM qpanda in ~ -bash 4.4.5 $ diskutil eject /dev/disk6 Volume timed out while waiting to eject Wed 2017-03-29 04:57:48 PM qpanda in ~ -bash 4.4.5 $ diskutil eject force /dev/disk6 Unable to find disk for force
So now I'm not sure what to do. The drive spins when I plug it in, and the activity light shines normally, but nothing I have seems able to do anything at all with the drive except get a small amount of basic info from it.
I keep this drive backed up on Time Machine, and there's a current backup from shortly before the unmount, so I'm not overly concerned about data loss. My question is whether there's any point in continuing to try to access this drive so I can reformat it and restore the data, or should I just go ahead and replace it?
I'm not sure if this drive is still under warranty, but I'm going to check that with WD later tonight (all my WD drives are actively registered, thankfully). Whether it is or not, though, replacing the drive means either spending too much money (either for a local in-store purchase or for overnight shipping on an online purchase) or being without it for a few days. Since this drive's contents are all personal use, not business, it's not an expense I can write off. So if it's reasonably possible to get this drive working, even just in the short term, that would be my preference.
So, do I have any hope of salvaging this drive? Or should I just give it the Viking funeral?