I, after some adventure (as described here), have successfully booted OS X installation from a brand new SSD by Samsung (EVO 850). I am running OS X 10.11.6 (Trim is not enabled). My Mac is mid-2009 MacBook pro.
When installing, I have restored a Time Machine state. Now, whenever I try to access large files on the disk, they fail to be copied with an error message -36: saying that the source file "cannot be read or written". I am able to successfully copy files from the backup disk or from the internet to the SSD, but once there, they cannot be copied further (they can be moved, but this is just a bookkeeping operation, no data is read then). So it seems the problem occurs when the OS tries to actually read something besides FS entries.
The error persists both in Finder and Terminal.
The SSD is brand new. It has an uptime of 7 hrs and 41 power cycles. It comes clean with Disk Utility - no problems detected, but I guess this tool does not perform disk read/write integrity test, just checks FS entries. Am I right?
So what options do I have here?