Is it possible to, for example, set icon view to be the view for just one specific folder in Finder? It seems as though if I set a folder to icon view (currently the default is list view), opening folders inside that folder cause the opened folder to change to icon view as well. However, I don't want this to happen – I only want to affect the folder that I changed it for.
Go into the folder and choose the view you want the folder to display as. Press cmd+J, then check the "Always open in [type] view" box at the top of the small window and make sure that the "Browse in [type] view" option is unchecked. Close that window. Now the Finder should switch the view to the one you chose whenever you enter that folder.