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How can I inspect IP packets send through currently open TCP connections? I opened a nettop utility in Terminal, which I think lists IP packet, but doesn't tell anything about their content, namely about TCP Data Stream. Any clues? I found the source and destination ports and some other data that doesn't look like http messages. I would like to see how stuff works for educational purposes.

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You can inspect network packets with WireShark.

This software capture all packets through a network interface, although you can select only the protocol you want by applying a filter in its settings.

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In addition, you can use the built in command line tool tcpdump. You will need root privileges to use it (so execute it with the sudo command) - e.g. to see all IP traffic going through your interface, without listening to all other hosts' traffic, you can run:

sudo tcpdump -i en0 -p -vv -A ip 

If you want to limit the output of tcpdump to only show traffic to/from a particular host or IP range, you can do:

sudo tcpdump -i en0 -p -vv -A ip and host 192.0.2.123

or

sudo tcpdump -i en0 -p -vv -A ip and net 192.0.2.0/24

Read more about tcpdump by running man tcpdump in your Terminal.

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