This whole mess started with trying to encrypt Time Machine backups. I have a 4TB Lacie P9230 external drive which has been working for about a year just fine. The drive has been partitioned into two partitions, one for TM backups and other as archive and other stuff that isn't important or can be downloaded from the internet. When I tried to enable Time Machine encryption, the process failed and the backup partition disappeared. Disk Utility listed it as grey and couldn't mount it or something. Then I did the wisest thing and simply unplugged the drive's power cord and reconnected. Now it's in this weird state where the volume apparently doesn't have a file system nor does the backup partition. The archive partition has a file system (JHFS+) and it is visible in Finder, but all the folders are there but they empty even though Disk Utility shows the correct amount of data used. I did try reformatting the whole volume, copying
/dev/zero but nothing worked.
/dev/disk0 (internal, physical): #: TYPE NAME SIZE IDENTIFIER 0: GUID_partition_scheme *251.0 GB disk0 1: EFI EFI 209.7 MB disk0s1 2: Apple_HFS SSD 250.1 GB disk0s2 3: Apple_Boot Recovery HD 650.0 MB disk0s3 /dev/disk1 (internal, physical): #: TYPE NAME SIZE IDENTIFIER 0: GUID_partition_scheme *1.0 TB disk1 1: EFI EFI 209.7 MB disk1s1 2: Apple_HFS 1TB 999.9 GB disk1s2 /dev/disk2 (external, physical): #: TYPE NAME SIZE IDENTIFIER 0: GUID_partition_scheme *4.0 TB disk2 1: EFI EFI 1.1 GB disk2s1 2: Apple_CoreStorage Backup 1.5 TB disk2s2 3: Apple_Boot Boot OS X 134.2 MB disk2s3 4: Apple_HFS Data 2.5 TB disk2s4 /dev/disk3 (disk image): #: TYPE NAME SIZE IDENTIFIER 0: Apple_partition_scheme +18.1 MB disk3 1: Apple_partition_map 32.3 KB disk3s1 2: Apple_HFS Flash Player 18.1 MB disk3s2 /dev/disk4 (external, virtual): #: TYPE NAME SIZE IDENTIFIER 0: Apple_HFS +1.5 TB disk4 Logical Volume on disk2s2 97716389-E391-4260-BE72-82DBB2262907 Unlocked Encrypted
The drive in question is
disk4 seems to be the logical CoreStorage volume for the backup partition.
diskutil info disk2:
Device Identifier: disk2 Device Node: /dev/disk2 Whole: Yes Part of Whole: disk2 Device / Media Name: P9230 Volume Name: Not applicable (no file system) Mounted: Not applicable (no file system) File System: None Content (IOContent): GUID_partition_scheme OS Can Be Installed: No Media Type: Generic Protocol: USB SMART Status: Not Supported Total Size: 4.0 TB (4000787030016 Bytes) (exactly 7814037168 512-Byte-Units) Volume Free Space: Not applicable (no file system) Device Block Size: 4096 Bytes Read-Only Media: No Read-Only Volume: Not applicable (no file system) Device Location: External Removable Media: No Virtual: No OS 9 Drivers: No Low Level Format: Not supported
diskutil info disk2s2 (backup partition):
Device Identifier: disk2s2 Device Node: /dev/disk2s2 Whole: No Part of Whole: disk2 Device / Media Name: Backup Volume Name: Not applicable (no file system) Mounted: Not applicable (no file system) File System: None Partition Type: Apple_CoreStorage OS Can Be Installed: No Media Type: Generic Protocol: USB SMART Status: Not Supported Disk / Partition UUID: F212F25E-748A-4852-A09C-B05CAF59CC9A Total Size: 1.5 TB (1500000026624 Bytes) (exactly 2929687552 512-Byte-Units) Volume Free Space: Not applicable (no file system) Device Block Size: 4096 Bytes Read-Only Media: No Read-Only Volume: Not applicable (no file system) Device Location: External Removable Media: No This disk is a Core Storage Physical Volume (PV). Core Storage Information: PV UUID: DCC36047-2B99-4320-863A-B652DF658F87 LVG UUID: 99F7CF3E-95B4-4948-99CC-D7D48C3E2456
diskutil info disk2s4 (archive partition):
Device Identifier: disk2s4 Device Node: /dev/disk2s4 Whole: No Part of Whole: disk2 Device / Media Name: LaCie Volume Name: Data Mounted: Yes Mount Point: /Volumes/Data File System Personality: Journaled HFS+ Type (Bundle): hfs Name (User Visible): Mac OS Extended (Journaled) Journal: Journal size 196608 KB at offset 0x2464000 Owners: Enabled Partition Type: Apple_HFS OS Can Be Installed: No Media Type: Generic Protocol: USB SMART Status: Not Supported Volume UUID: 025271FE-FB4B-3892-8D0D-5EC152813C38 Disk / Partition UUID: B1915DD8-4F93-49E7-9248-A6149F8C1989 Total Size: 2.5 TB (2499444781056 Bytes) (exactly 4881728088 512-Byte-Units) Volume Free Space: 1.8 TB (1797338988544 Bytes) (exactly 3510427712 512-Byte-Units) Device Block Size: 4096 Bytes Allocation Block Size: 8192 Bytes Read-Only Media: No Read-Only Volume: No Device Location: External Removable Media: No
mdls on a folder in the somewhat working archive partition
kMDItemFSContentChangeDate = 2016-01-04 11:43:11 +0000 kMDItemFSCreationDate = 2012-08-17 12:37:06 +0000 kMDItemFSCreatorCode = "" kMDItemFSFinderFlags = 0 kMDItemFSHasCustomIcon = 0 kMDItemFSInvisible = 0 kMDItemFSIsExtensionHidden = 0 kMDItemFSIsStationery = 0 kMDItemFSLabel = 0 kMDItemFSName = "folder name" kMDItemFSNodeCount = 10 kMDItemFSOwnerGroupID = 99 kMDItemFSOwnerUserID = 99 kMDItemFSSize = 10 kMDItemFSTypeCode = ""
At some point in time between my drive disconnect/reconnects, the
mdls command returned 0 values for everything. Finder still doesn't show anything in the folder.
I have tried reformatting the volume in Disk Utility, but it either cannot unmount it or cannot write to the last block. I then tried running this
sudo dd if=/dev/zero of=/dev/rdisk2 bs=64k which resulted in the following error:
dd: /dev/rdisk2: Input/output error 1+0 records in 0+0 records out 0 bytes transferred in 0.005369 secs (0 bytes/sec)
diskutil zeroDisk force /dev/disk2 didn't help either:
Started erase on disk2 Error: -69759: Securely erasing data to prevent recovery failed Underlying error: 5: POSIX reports: Input/output error
I have ran out of things to try on this drive. I have started to wonder whether the drive itself is starting to fail, but it was working just fine before I started messing around with it. If anyone has a solution that could preserve the data that would be perfect, but I don't really expect that to be even possible. All the data is disposable so if I could just reformat it and get back to using it (unless it is failing).
E1: The archive partition has magically restored some of the data, meaning I can now access data in the drive that was previously missing. Some data is still missing and I don't have a spare drive with sufficient capacity where I could offload the data in case it is failing.
E2: The drive works perfectly when connected to another Mac. It shows that it is encrypting (0%), so I'll let it finish the encryption and reinstall OS X on my main machine so that once the drive is encrypted, I hope it will be detected normally.