You can view Emacs' key bindings by typing
C-h, b. If you then search the help text for
C-. you'll find this mapping:
M-[ 2 7 ; 5 ; 4 6 ~ C-.
ESC [ … ~ sequence is used to send arbitrary key combinations numerically, primarily for combinations that don't map to a specific character. Since Control-Period doesn't map to a character that can be sent to a terminal, map it to the character sequence
ESC [ 2 7 ; 5 ; 4 6 ~ (without the spaces).
The second parameter in the escape sequence is a number representing the modifier keys and the third parameter is the base character. The modifier-key values are described at the end of the PC-Style Function Keys section of the XTerm Control Sequences documentation.