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Is it possible to simultaneously run two instances of El Capitan on a single Apple laptop?

Assume that I'm willing to purchase the best MacBook available as of November 2015, with the largest capacity SSD drive and maxed out memory.

There are a few pre-existing questions on this topic but most of them discuss situations where the user is trying to (a) run a parallel Windows installation or (b) have an alternate OS installation that's selectable on a separate volume at boot-time, but isn't running concurrently with the first OS installation.

Ideally, in the configuration I'm describing, the two OS installations will:

  • run simultaneously,
  • see each other on the "network," presumably via some sort of local loop or other internal mechanism,
  • share a common ethernet adapter, keyboard, mouse, video output, sound card, etc.
  • allow for some kind of shortcut key to easily "flip" back and forth between the two running installations,
  • allow for a dual-monitor setup.. meaning when viewing OS-installation-1, both monitors will be dedicated to that installation as is typical in a dual monitor setup. When I flip to OS-installation-2, both monitors are then dedicated to that installation. I'm not counting the built-in laptop display as a monitor. I'm talking about two external Thunderbolt monitors.

If this scenario is feasible but you feel that no current Apple MacBook has the specs to support it, could it be accomplished using the (new) Mac Pro?

Would I be better off waiting for Apple to release a laptop that supports Thunderbolt 3 in order to drive two monitors? If so, will said laptops be available next year?

Sorry for the naive nature of this question. Any advice appreciated.

  • Why do you want to run two copies at the same time? Helps us so say how can be done in a VM. Or it might be use two logins at the same time which does all you ask for here but we can;t tell if it works for you as we don;t know what you are trying to do – Mark Nov 25 '15 at 23:15
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Virtual Machine

A virtual machine is a software app that emulates a complete computer.

File System

The VM opens one big file in the host, and stores an entire file system inside. That file system includes an OS to boot such as BSD, Linux, MS Windows, or Mac OS X. Apple’s license permit Mac OS X to be run in a VM only when hosted on a real (physical) Mac.

Easy Backups

One benefit of having an entire guest file system stored in a single file on the host OS is easy backups. Attach an external hard drive and copy over the single (but large) VM file to capture a snapshot. Note that you should exclude these VM files from your Time Machine as their size will overwhelm your Time Machine storage. To exclude them, use the Privacy tab in the Time Machine pane of System Preferences. Also, your VM app may offer a setting to exclude from Time Machine.

Entire Desktop Within a Window

The VM runs in a window like any other app on the host computer. Inside that window will be an entire other Mac desktop. You may find it less confusing to run the VM in full-screen mode, so the virtual desktop takes over the entire screen thereby appearing to be a second Mac. See the System Preferences panes for mouse, trackpad, and Mission Control gestures for switching between full-screen apps.

I regularly work this way as a software developer. Each development project lives in its own virtual machine. This works so well that I set the virtual Mac Dock to right side of the screen while the real Mac Dock is on the left, so I can differentiate as a reminder while I work.

VM Products

The main VM products available for Mac hosts are :

See these comparisons.

All three are solid products, actively maintained and improved. All work surprisingly well on a Mac. All run various operating systems as guest OSes including BSD, Linux, and many more.

The first two directly support installing Mac OS X as a guest OS. Just point them to Apple’s installer app for any of the more recent versions of Mac OS X going back at least to Mountain Lion. VirtualBox is not so simple, apparently requiring some tricks to install Mac OS X as a guest.

The first two listed products have put much work into features to integrate the guest OS with the host OS. I find those features unnecessary and even counter-productive. Fortunately you can disable much of that integration.

Networks

The network can be shared with the host computer, using same IP address. Or VM can present its own IP to the network, appearing as a second computer. Thirdly, the VM can be isolated from the external network. Your choice.

Limitations

VMs work surprisingly well overall. Every version of every VM tool I have used always has some some glitch or another, but never a show-stopper.

One major limitation is a lack of support for hardware-accelerated graphics. So playing videos and games performs poorly. Overall usage can seem sluggish as menus and windows do not draw as quickly. I have verified this is true for all three listed products when running Mac OS X as a guest OS, as of 2015-10.

I do not know about the support of multiple monitors. I have used Parallels versions 8, 9, 10, and 11 successfully with multiple monitors on the host Mac, but the virtual machine knew only of one monitor at a time.

Requires Much Memory

I use a MacBook Retina 15" laptop with either an HDMI monitor or a DisplayPort monitor. I have 16 gigs of memory installed. The VMs do require much memory, and may not work well on Macs with two or four gigs.

Requires Storage Space

Each VM file can be large, usually starting at a few gigs and rising to several tens of gigs. Plan accordingly. Each product listed has a feature to reclaim empty space that may accumulate within its' VM file.

  • I would rather choose Type 2 Hypervisor and several Virtual Machines mentioning the above products (VMware etc) instead of Virtual Machine in the headline. BTW what is a "ZiP address"? – klanomath Nov 25 '15 at 23:42
  • Thanks, man. Great info. Will check out Parallels. The secondary VM is going to be running some software of dubious quality. I don't want it to infect my pristine primary installation and furthermore, it would be nice to be able to "roll back" to a previous clean iteration of the secondary VM if it gets irreparably thrashed by the software I'm testing. – Festus Martingale Nov 26 '15 at 0:43

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