What commands can be used with the
osascript -e argument?
I know of the command
osascript -e "set Volume x" where x is 0-7. Is there anything else I can use instead of
Volume? Or some documentation you could link me to?
osascript is a tool to execute AppleScript within a shell/script.
Here is Apple's introductory guide: https://developer.apple.com/library/mac/documentation/AppleScript/Conceptual/AppleScriptLangGuide/introduction/ASLR_intro.html
Additionally, you can open Script Editor.app (in /Applications/Utilities if your on OS X 10.11). From the menu bar select Window > Library to browse library documentation.