This is related to CVE-2015-1130, a.k.a Hidden backdoor API to root privileges in Apple OS X. It appears Apple has refused to fix it in OS X 10.9 and earlier. Emil Kvarnhammar, the one who reported this vulnerability to Apple states:
Apple indicated that this issue required a substantial amount of changes on their side, and that they will not back port the fix to 10.9.x and older.
I have an OS X 10.8.5 machine and an OS X 10.9 machine. I can't upgrade either machine due to requirements outside of my and Apple's control.
In the absence of Apple patching OS before 10.10, how can we mitigate this on OS X 10.8 and OS X 10.9 machines?