This may be a strange question.

Background: I usually work in a multiple monitor setup, where I can plaster the screen with all my windows so nothing I might need to switch to is ever hidden from view.

On a laptop, that's obviously not possible.

A while ago I wrote scripts that give me keyboard shortcuts to move windows around into half/quarter/other convenient arrangements for essentially gridding the display. In researching this question I learned that these are essentially duplicated by some open source apps, but I found nothing that solves the greater problem of switching between these windows easily and painlessly.

In particular, I use spaces as a substitute for multiple monitors, plastering each one with a grid of windows. But I often find myself frustratedly trying to switch between applications in different spaces with no quick way to do it.

E.g. cmd-tabbing to the application makes me go linearly through a bunch of open applications and doesn't pick up applications open only in other spaces.

Using mission control only shows me the windows open in the present space; I have to switch spaces first to use it to get at another window open in another space.

I've considered using only one space and switching via mission control, but having only one space can lead to serious window clutter, with windows hiding behind each other and ending up in the "wrong order" so when I need to drag things between windows, etc., they're not activated at the right time. (In separate spaces I can leave paired windows side by side with nothing in front of them.)

I'm wondering whether someone else who has faced these frustrations has come up with a clever solution or workflow. I'd prefer something open source but am willing to learn a new workflow even with a steep learning curve if it means faster performance eventually--where performance is defined, I think, as reliably and quickly switching between many open windows, though I may end up editing this question as answers reveal that I'm actually looking for something more detailed. E.g. if a multiple-window-using guru of window-management best-practices can explain something like "I faced this problem, and I realized after many years that the right way to do it is work in a single monitor, and always follow steps A B C, and use tool D" then I am all ears.

  • 1
    "Using mission control only shows me the windows open in the present space; I have to switch spaces first to use it to get at another window open in another space." Just wondering: do you know that swiping down three fingers on the trackpad shows all windows of the active application that are opened on all spaces? Maybe not a total solution to your problem, but maybe helpful...
    – Vincent
    Commented Apr 3, 2015 at 2:48
  • Yes....but as you indicate that is only sometimes helpful. More often I need to switch from App X in Space N to App Y in Space M.
    – Philip
    Commented Apr 4, 2015 at 16:29

1 Answer 1


The info contained in this answer, though some prefs have changed appearance, should be good for any macOS from Lion to Monterey.
I'm a Spaces user of long-time habit, even though I've always had 2 screens.

I find the best way to get around is to pin specific apps to specific Spaces [then remember where they live, which is the only difficult bit]
If no apps are yet assigned this way, then switch to the chosen Space before launching the app, then right click the app in the Dock & pin to "This Desktop". You can do this without needing to launch first, if it already appears in the Dock, otherwise launch then pin.

enter image description here

Mission Control, as you've discovered, is fine for finding where an app is if you forgot, but not great as a quick way of getting there.
I really tend to use it if I did forget which Space I put an app in, as you can click directly on any of the app's windows in the window 'overview' at the top of the screen & it will switch & bring it to the front…

enter image description here

But… in my ideal world of remembering where each app is, my method of choice is to use
Ctrl ⌃   num to switch directly to my required Space. This is set in System Prefs > Keyboard > Shortcuts > Mission Control [You can only see as many 'Switch' shortcuts as you have Spaces.]
It will remember which app you last had frontmost when you switch Spaces in this way.

enter image description here

Note - if you have an extended keyboard with a 10-key, by default the Ctrl/num shortcuts are set to the 'qwerty' numbers, not the 10-key numbers & you will have to change the shortcuts manually if you prefer the 10-key. [Rather irritatingly, you cannot tell just by looking which is assigned to which key type.]

I specifically never use apps in Full-Screen, as they add themselves to a new, random, unnumbered Space & break that key-switching.

Pro Tips
If I ever need, for instance, to add an email attachment from Finder (Space 1) to an email (Space 4) then simply grabbing the header bar of the email & hitting Ctrl ⌃   1 will move that single email to Space 1, where I can drop in the attachment from Finder.

If you ever need an app to 'follow' you around - sometimes I keep Activity Monitor tucked in a convenient corner - then assigning to All Desktops will make it always appear, whichever Space you're in.

Late addition - Pro tip
Once you start using Spaces like this you will absolutely want to prevent Finder from re-numbering them all by itself.
System Prefs > Mission Control Uncheck 'Automatically rearrange Spaces based on most recent use'.
This will fix the order of all your regular Spaces - but not Fullscreen spaces, which always go to the right of existing numbered Spaces.

enter image description here

  • 1
    Upvote for the 'grab header bar + Ctrl 1' tip. Also, you can grab the header and use Ctrl <arrow> to move your window around.
    – Vincent
    Commented Apr 3, 2015 at 13:29
  • All good ideas; thanks. I use grab+Ctrl+num a lot. I've never seriously tried assigning apps to spaces. One issue is I often need "extra" stuff to come up as needed, sometimes side by side and sometimes not. E.g. I'm working with Vim+R each at half screen in one space with a web browser in another, mail another, IDE in another.... Then I need to view R doc and it loads in the wrong space. Or I look up something completely separate in a browser, open a directory or a terminal, and need side by side with the Vim/R panes visible. The initial organization turns into a mess. What's your approach?
    – Philip
    Commented Apr 4, 2015 at 16:31
  • I guess my approach really is to keep as few apps as possible that permanently live in any given space, other than space 1 which is Finder + any current disorganised clutter. Everything else I find it faster to flip to that space & back than fumble through multifarious open random windows. It's really just a case of disciplining myself to set them up initially & remember where they are. Still takes me 6 spaces on 2 screens to do that, So I'd likely need 10 or 12 with a single screen.
    – Tetsujin
    Commented Apr 4, 2015 at 16:49
  • 2
    Is there a way to pin specific windows (as opposed to apps) to specific spaces?
    – Karoh
    Commented Feb 16, 2016 at 5:41
  • 1
    No. You can set an app to a Space, then move one window manually & it will stay there for that session; but that's as close as you can get.
    – Tetsujin
    Commented Feb 16, 2016 at 7:27

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