Are there tools or guidelines for slimming an OSX installation down to the minimum needed to run particular applications? I would be interested in the case both with or without the GUI layer. A tool could be something like nLite for Windows.
There are 2 apps that I can think of that might do what you want, wile it is still unclear what you want.
The first one is called the Pacifist and shows you a hierarchical (and searchable) list of every item contained therein in mavericks Installer package.
The second one is used to install customized Mavericks called UniBeast and MuliBeast.