I often use the Terminal application, especially to commit code to a Git repository, and I don't want to have the window always open. Is there a utility that allows to open a terminal window using a shortcut?
DTerm may be exactly what you are after: it's like a file location aware terminal that pops in and out of view. So you can activate it while you've got a file selected in terminal (or XCode, or whatever) and take an action on the file (like commit a change) and then it gets out your way.
It's free and also available on the Mac App Store.
Check out iTerm2 (see also the Google project page). You can bind a key combination as a way to show/hide the terminal. In a way, you achieve the same thing as the before mentioned Visor; yet, iTerm2 offers more functionality than Terminal.app.
Combine this with alfred/quicksilver and iTerm2 profiles for more hotkey awesomeness.
Use Quicksilver! You can setup hot-keys for launching apps. Plus it does a bunch of other neat things :)
I like apptivate, it ain't free.. but it's superfast (unlike visor eg)! It works for any app, plus you get a peek option, alowing you to peek into the shortcutted app.