I recently purchased a maxed out iMac:

  • 3.5GHz Quad-core Intel Core i7
  • 8GB 1600MHz DDR3 SDRAM-2X4GB (upgrading to 32GB myself)
  • 256GB Flash Storage

...and I'm questioning the last point above (I still have time to change my order). I know the iMac is limited to a single SATA III and a PCIe slot for storage, but I'm trying to balance performance with capacity with future expandability. I fear that my choice of the 256GB SSD is limiting me, since I won't be able to add a hard drive in the future. My questions are:

  1. Which is faster, the 128GB PCIe SSD that comes in a Fusion Drive configuration, or the 256GB SSD I purchased?

  2. Is the PCIe connector compatible with the typical PCIe SSDs sold for PC use, or is it something proprietary like in the Retina MacBooks?

  3. Is it worth sticking to the stock 1TB HDD and installing my own PCIe SSD to make a DIY Fusion Drive (I.e. Are there compatible PCIe SSDs for less than $180)?

2 Answers 2

  1. The PCIe flash storage will be faster than the SSD, but how much you'll notice that in the real world is questionable.

  2. The PCIe card used in the new iMacs is the same (custom) stick-like form factor Apple uses in their other products.

  3. You should get the 1TB or 3TB Fusion drive configuration if you want more than 256GB of storage and don't want a larger SSD. You could of course get an external USB3 drive to provide large storage if you prefer, or even get a USB/Thunderbolt external SSD.

The $200 for the fusion drive is expensive, but not insanely so. It will give the most noticeable performance boost of any possible upgrade on the iMac, unless you prefer to spend the money doing an all-SSD setup, which will still be very, very fast.

You're not going to find a compatible PCIe SSD for any less than Apple's upgrade cost. For example, OWC sells compatible SSDs for the MacBook Airs (http://eshop.macsales.com/shop/SSD/OWC/Aura_Pro_Air_2012) that may work, but I don't believe anyone has specifically tested it.

I will also note that opening up the current iMacs is more difficult than in the past, due to the laminating process on the screen to reduce glare, parallax and weight. It would be a false economy to buy a $2000+ computer, only to risk damaging it by opening it up for the chance to save $50. If external storage is not desirable and you want more capacity, go Fusion.


For future viewers, here are my results (from my experience with an iMac of the specifications in the original question):

@Nathaniel was right on point all his points:

  1. The PCIe SSD is faster than a SATA SSD, but VERY MUCH so. The 256GB SSD that Apple uses does about 350MB/s write, and 750MB/s read, it's a BEAST. ([reference])1
  2. The all of the current SSD options use PCIe SSDs, leaving the 3.5" SATA III drive bay available for future expansion.
  3. Fusion drives really aren't that bad of an idea, but it's nice to know all my data is on the SSD side of life.

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