New answers tagged podcasts
They're in the iTunes .plist-file on a Mac. Since you don't specify platform, I can't offer that much. In Windows, they're almost certainly stored in a similar preference file. In Mac OS X, they're not conveniently readable. If you just want to back up your subscription info, locating and backing up the iTunes preferences will do it. If you need to ...
Apple's entire podcast ecosystem is known to be buggy and has been for a long time. (See, for example, this bug of utter disconnect between iTunes and iOS prior to the arrival of the Podcasts app. It seems the point of moving podcasts to a dedicated iOS app was simply to banish the irredeemably buggy podcast code from the otherwise well functioning Music app ...
You can listen to podcasts with the Music app, if you do not want to conform by running iOS7 or run a third party app.
In iTunes, select your iPad, select Podcasts, then select "Automatically include (smaller number) episodes of (selected podcasts or all podcasts)" For your iPod you can set it to all or a larger number. Alternatively you can manually sync your iPad's podcast episodes in the same location.
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