UNIX is both the underlying code and architecture that makes up Mac OS X / iOS as well as a way of interacting with a Mac using the terminal app, X11 app, and various shells like `bash` or `zsh`. Whether you're logging into a mac using `ssh`, using `mdfind` or `tmutil` or using other open source ...

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20
votes
6answers
12k views

Is there a way to convert audio files in Mac OS X or the command line without using iTunes?

Now, I know I can use iTunes to convert music. But it's quite a pain.. All I'm asking is: Is there anything built into OS X or UNIX for converting files? Right now I simply want to convert .mp4 to ...
14
votes
5answers
2k views

Is there a native terminal in OS X, without having to load the desktop, window manager, etc? [duplicate]

FOr example, in linux you can boot to a terminal, you don't have to load a desktop, window manager, etc. Is there something like this in Mac OS X? And like in Linux, is it possible to switch to one of ...
12
votes
7answers
15k views

How to monitor file access for an OS X application?

I am looking for the OS X corespondent of FileMon, that was later included in ProcessMon. BTW, it is essential to be able to filter by process.
11
votes
1answer
297 views

How does iOS delete a file technically and can it potentially be undeleted?

We have an interesting discussion here about file deletion on iOS devices. The question was: if I delete a file using NSFileManager, what's happening under the hood? My understanding is that deletion ...
10
votes
9answers
682 views

Which command-line packages do you need? [closed]

I generally have one of Fink, MacPorts, Homebrew installed. Most often for a single, small, and trivial package. I've found that all my day-to-day software exists in OS X versions. So, which non-OS X ...
9
votes
1answer
4k views

What is the difference between the sudo and su command?

What is the difference between the sudo and su command? Why does OS X handle these different than Linux?
9
votes
5answers
60k views

Copying ISO file to USB drive in OS X?

I have tried to copy an ISO file to a USB drive. I am unable to do it with Disk Utility. How can I copy the ISO file to a USB drive? But I get the below. I have enough space in the 16GB USB drive ...
8
votes
2answers
268 views

Piping multiple commands

I would like to run the following command and pipe stout of both to TextEdit: pmset -g; echo; pmset -g assertions | open -f -a TextEdit This doesn't work, it only executes the latter: How?
8
votes
6answers
712 views

How to prevent the application launched in Terminal from undesirably exiting?

I launch applications from the Terminal with commands like this one : /Applications/Mail.app/Contents/MacOS/Mail & The important part is the &. For Unix / Linux / Solaris : I have ...
8
votes
4answers
3k views

Remotely SSH to IP address in home network

I've got a device at home I want to SSH to from work. The device has port 22 open locally and I have port 22 opened on my AirPort Extreme. However, on the AirPort Extreme it says the open 22 port only ...
8
votes
1answer
3k views

What is standard for os x filesystem? e.g. /opt/ vs. /usr/

What does and should go into /opt/ and what should/does go into /usr/? My understanding is that /usr/ used to be for user home directories, but since that exists in /Users/ - what is the purpose now? ...
8
votes
3answers
4k views

How do I change the time format used by ls command line on osx?

I want to make ls display time in ISO format (military format). How can I change this behavior? On Linux I knew that I could force ls to display time in long format by usin --full-time but this ...
8
votes
2answers
6k views

Proper group ID (gid) for Lion?

If you create a brand new admin account in Lion, the following will be your id and group memberships (from $ id [new Lion account] | perl -lne 's/ /\n/g; s/,/\n\t/g; print;'): uid=504(lt) ...
7
votes
2answers
164 views

Where are all of the command line tools installed?

I was playing around to set up a prober working/development environment. I installed command line tools such as: NodeJS NPM Grunt Bower Where can I find those tools and how can I delete them? Is ...
7
votes
1answer
265 views

Why are Mac files able to have multiple owners?

Regarding Unix file permissions, which Macs use, why are Mac files in particular able to have multiple owners? For instance, you can view the "Get info" panel of a file, and under the Permissions ...
6
votes
3answers
4k views

How can I manipulate several security settings from terminal?

I want to change these behaviors from terminal: Auto-login Showing password after screensaver and sleep mode Go to sleep mode after x minutes Enable screensaver after x minutes
6
votes
1answer
1k views

Adding a song file to iTunes via the command line without playing the file

I want to add song files to iTunes via the command line. open -a iTunes -g song.mp3 does exactly this. - However it starts playing the song, too. Any way to avoid this?
6
votes
1answer
625 views

“opensnoop” utility doesn't work with spaces between filenames, how to fix?

I use "opensnoop" /usr/bin/opensnoop to show all files which are opened from different processes. But when I want to specific a file with sudo opensnoop -n "directory/filename" i'm getting ...
6
votes
1answer
317 views

/usr/sbin/uninstall? What is it/what does it do?

There's a /usr/sbin/uninstall command on my system. What does it do? There is no man page, and running it says "You must be root to run this tool.", and (after sudo uninstall -h) it says "URL is ...
5
votes
2answers
604 views

Is there a UNIX-style triple click to select path in Terminal.app?

In Red Hat, if there is a path somewhere on my terminal window and I triple click it, the whole path is selected. I can then easily copy it using middle-click or a regular copy-paste. This doesn't ...
5
votes
1answer
2k views

File can't be moved by root on OS X

I tried to move a few files to a subfolder on OS X. One refused to move. It said Operation not permitted. I tried again as root: $ sudo mv file subfolder/ mv: rename file to subfolder/file: Operation ...
5
votes
1answer
5k views

Sudo keeps asking for password, despite that NOPASSWD already set

The following sudoers configuration used to work well in MacOS 10.8.5, several days ago I upgraded to Mavericks, NOPASSWD flag does not seem to work anymore: # User privilege specification root ...
5
votes
1answer
2k views

How can the 'mail' command be used?

I've had my first Mac for about five months now. Though, even when I was a full-on Windows user, I never did things through a command line; I was pretty much for the GUI all-the-way.. But now that I ...
4
votes
4answers
9k views

How do I search all hidden files that are in hidden folders using Terminal?

I need to find some configs buried in some hidden folders and can't recall where they are to navigate to them directly Cmd+Shift+G. I did a sudo find -name Foo* (slow), but none of the returned files ...
4
votes
2answers
3k views

How to strip a filename of special characters?

I have a file with a name such as "Today's Date.txt" What I am interested in is stripping away all special characters using the terminal such as: " - , ' ' [ The reason for this is because I ...
4
votes
2answers
6k views

Editing System Preferences via Terminal

Am looking to edit system preferences settings via the command line but cannot for the life of me find the correct names of variables. In Login Options under Users & Groups, I would like to be ...
4
votes
2answers
5k views

Installing Homebrew on Lion

I am trying to install Homebrew on Lion but keep getting an error. $ /usr/bin/ruby -e "$(curl -fsSL https://raw.github.com/gist/323731)" I run the above code, which results in: ==> This script ...
4
votes
4answers
649 views

Setting time format preference in unix (Mac-Terminal)

I'm learning to work in unix using Terminal on a Mac and I'd like to set the default listing for the timestamp to display in 12 hour time, using AM and PM, instead of 24 hour time (ie: 1:00 PM, not ...
4
votes
0answers
77 views

Why is Terminal.app corrupting my tcsh history?

I've had an ongoing problem that appears to be specific to OS X and Terminal.app: periodically, I get garbage in my tcsh history that looks like this: ^[[1m^[[4mcomputername:~/Code/emacs-source ( ...
4
votes
0answers
588 views

Why does my Terminal window close automatically?

I need to use my Terminal window on a MacBook Air but it closes about 10 seconds after I open it. Is there a setting or is it possible another program is causing it to close? If I type quickly I can ...
3
votes
2answers
794 views

SSH Key Error, sudo works fine

When I try to ssh (using ssh user@server.com) into my server at home from either the local network or from outside, I get the following error: But if I use sudo ssh user@server.com, it works with no ...
3
votes
2answers
237 views

Where do these Terminal commands come from?

I don't know any specific term for these Terminal commands, so i want to give an example: defaults write com.apple.dock itunes-notifications -bool TRUE With this command, you can enable an ...
3
votes
4answers
20k views

How do I delete a BootCamp partition using Terminal's diskutil?

For some reason, the BootCamp Assistant app won't let me delete my BootCamp partition. How can I do so using Terminal and the diskutil terminal app?
3
votes
2answers
299 views

Mac OS X UNIX-oriented Tutorial

Is there any Mac OS X tutorial/book that covers the UNIX part of this operating system? Topics like: Managing daemons from the command-line Package management Install/Remove dmg's from the ...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

Homebrew installed libraries, how do I use them?

I'm a bit confused. I've installed a bunch of libraries (e.g. vtk, gsl,...) that I need for a c++ project for school. I used homebrew to install them (luckily there were formulas available). My ...
3
votes
1answer
326 views

Where is the New Oxford American Dictionary stored?

I'm trying to build a command line tool to look up definitions of words, it's only a dummy app for me to practise my C++ skills. I know there is a list of words stored at /usr/share/dict - but what ...
3
votes
1answer
414 views

What is OS X's equivalent of Linux's NSS?

Anyone familiar with the internals of Linux knows about NSS; it's the subsystem that services, like gethostname() and such, delegate to. The code that actually makes DNS queries or reads /etc/passwd, ...
3
votes
1answer
311 views

how to get ls to list files in case-insensitive order?

How do I get the ls shell command to list my files in: case-insensitive order with the directories at the top? The reason I ask is: I want Aquamacs Emacs dired to list my files and directories ...
3
votes
1answer
803 views

Is there any port of start-stop-daemon for OS X?

I am trying to use some init.d script under OS X and I while some are just working properly, I discovered quite a few that to rely on /sbin/start-stop-daemon and I am looking for a port of it for OS ...
3
votes
1answer
263 views

Is there a maximum length of metadata that can be written in one xattr command?

Is there any text length limitations for how long text can be put to xattr? I plan to put my AppleScripts source code to script files so Spotlight can find it. Using Finder Comments isn't an option ...
3
votes
1answer
3k views

Unknown terminal 'xterm-256color'

Keep getting a message in Terminal saying tput: unknown terminal "xterm-256color" This message typically appears when running homebrew, and while I can swear it's popped up on other places, I ...
3
votes
1answer
3k views

How to update Python on a Mac with Unix commands

After giving up on doing a disk partition and getting Linux, I decided to try and install Python 3.3.2 on a 32 bit Intel Core 2 Duo iMac with OS X 10.6.8 Snow Leopard. I did pretty much everything the ...
3
votes
4answers
2k views

Using locate.updatedb doesn't work in Lion

A week ago I upgraded to Lion from Snow Leopard. I want to use the locate command, but the locate database has not been built yet. So I tried running sudo launchctl -w ...
3
votes
2answers
966 views

How to install TermKit on Mac? [closed]

https://github.com/unconed/TermKit command: git clone https://github.com/unconed/TermKit.git --recursive Prompt: fatal: https://github.com/LearnBoost/Socket.IO.git/info/refs not found: did you ...
3
votes
1answer
178 views

Can't write to ~/Library, even though permissions look OK

I'm totally stumped on this one — a Macbook Air, 10.9.2. As far as I can tell, I should be able to write to my Library directory. Everything I can see suggests I should be able to: [njvack@zot ...
3
votes
1answer
301 views

Opening an OS X disk image with a launchd agent while the display is sleeping

I created a launchd agent which opens a non-password-protected sparse disk image (and mounts its solitary volume) daily at 2:45AM in preparation for backup software to write to the volume. The launchd ...
2
votes
1answer
435 views

Where should shell tools be installed?

Are there Apple guidelines for where user shell tools in Mountain Lion should be installed? Some (e.g. TeX, or Apple's Git) end up in /usr, and others (e.g. X11) seem to end up in /opt (sometimes with ...
2
votes
4answers
5k views

How to find all files that are larger than 1GB on the Mac HD?

It seems that either one of these commands can be used: sudo find / -size +1G sudo find / -type f -size +1G But when it gets to /Volumes, it actually look at all the back up files by Time Machine ...
2
votes
3answers
1k views

Can you use the command line on a Mac to get to a networked Mac?

I have a networked mac desktop and a wireless laptop. I would like to use the desktop mac to test web pages from the laptop. The mac desktop has a php/mysql/apache server outside the router for ...
2
votes
1answer
366 views

Compiling LaTeX in Apple products: is something like pdflatex around?

My Apple friends says that they cannot compile LaTeX. I don't have a Mac at hand to test what the problem is. How can I get something like pdflatex to get LaTeX compiled on a Mac such as a MacBook ...