questions narrowly about terminal.app alone should use this tag. Please consider using **command-line** for any question not specifically about the native terminal app

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6
votes
3answers
34k views

Terminal returns not found for most commands Mac OSX

I'm really new to Mac OSX and UNIX based systems. I wanted to run a few Windows games on my Mac Mini so I started installing Wine and MacPorts. Having done so, I typed in sudo port install wine and ...
173
votes
8answers
93k views

How can I trigger a Notification Center notification from an AppleScript or shell script?

I'd love to be able to take advantage of 10.8's Notification Center features in AppleScripts and shell scripts I write. Is there a built-in command or a third-party library I can use from either an ...
74
votes
14answers
82k views

How can I open a Terminal window directly from my current Finder location?

I was wondering if there was any was I could right click inside any instance of a "Finder" window such that I have an option that says "Open Terminal Here". It would be really helpful.
406
votes
133answers
214k views

Got any tips or tricks for Terminal in Mac OS X?

One tip or trick per answer. My favorite is open . Opens the folder you're currently browsing in Finder. You can also pass URLs, images, documents or else to open. If you specify a program name ...
18
votes
10answers
14k views

Start/stop internet sharing from a script?

Is there a way to start/stop internet sharing from the command line or maybe an apple script? The thing is that I move around my laptop between home and work. At one place I get wireless internet (...
131
votes
4answers
196k views

How can I create a symbolic link in Terminal?

What command is used to create a symbolic link/soft link?
56
votes
9answers
18k views

How do I speed up new Terminal tab loading time?

How can i speed up the terminal startup in Lion? I'm not referring to the startup of the Terminal application, but to the startup terminal windows, like when i open a new tab. I don't have anything ...
7
votes
5answers
20k views

How to reset $PATH?

I was trying to add something to $PATH and it went totally wrong. I now can't run any commands such as ls. I've looked at this answer and used the following lines: PATH=/usr/bin:/bin:/usr/sbin:/...
83
votes
4answers
52k views

How to replace Mac OS X utilities with GNU core utilities?

I found there is some differences between the utility command I used on the mac OSX and linux. I want to make my experience united. How could I replace all my mac utilities with GNU utilities?
47
votes
2answers
77k views

Why doesn't Mac OS X source ~/.bashrc? [duplicate]

I found a lot of people figuring out why instruction similar to this : Put X to your ~/.bashrc and you can do Y don't work. It always turns out that Mac OS X's bash's startup files (or Mac's ...
21
votes
3answers
31k views

What steps are needed to create a new user from the command line?

What commands (or script) can create a fully functional user account on Mountain Lion, running only from the command line via terminal or ssh. It looks like an existing pair of answers might work, ...
28
votes
5answers
3k views

Is it possible to disable Terminal's automatic tweaking of colors in Lion?

While it's great that Terminal now has built-in support for changing the ANSI colors, I find it annoying that it automatically adjusts the colors to improve contrast, which means the colors that I ...
18
votes
2answers
15k views

Amending PATH so that /usr/local/bin is ahead of /usr/bin

I'm trying to install brew but get the following warning: Warning: /usr/bin occurs before /usr/local/bin This means that system-provided programs will be used instead of those provided by Homebrew. ...
20
votes
3answers
84k views

How can I mount an SMB share from the command line?

I would like to mount an SMB network share from the command line (terminal); how would I go about that? I am using Mac OS X 10.6.4.
16
votes
3answers
12k views

How can I dim the screen from Terminal?

Is it possible to dim the screen from Terminal, in a Mac with OS X Lion? Is there any command to do control brightness and volume?
246
votes
8answers
158k views

How can I configure Mac Terminal to have color ls output?

How can I configure Mac Terminal to have color ls output? I am using MacOS 10.5
102
votes
9answers
180k views

Why doesn't .bashrc run automatically?

I put some alias commands in my .bashrc file, so that they might be loaded everytime I open a new Terminal window. Yet this doesn't happen. I have to select run script: in the Terminal>Preferences>"...
20
votes
14answers
11k views

What orthodox file manager for OS X could I use?

I'm looking for a graphical file manager fro OS X, for console Midnight Commander is ok. I need two panels, function keys operations and preferably FTP and SCP support. Also, it would be great to be ...
20
votes
4answers
33k views

How to hide computer name and user name in terminal command prompt

How can I hide username and computer in terminal command prompt? In Terminal it says Last login: Mon Jan 13 00:00:14 on ttys000 Whatever:~ UserName$ Is it possible to show just the current ...
24
votes
5answers
43k views

How to set system-wide environment variables on OS X Mavericks

We used to use /etc/environment to set system-wide environment variables on Mountain Lion. However, it seems this file is no longer read. Ideally the solution should apply to all users, and we need ...
10
votes
3answers
15k views

Reset your PATH variable

I stuffed up (basically wiped) my PATH variable. Is there any way to reset it to the default? I look at How do I reset the $PATH variable on Mac OS X?, but I find it very confusing. As far as I ...
6
votes
2answers
1k views

Terminal behaving differently since updating to Lion

Ever since my company updated to Lion, terminal.app has been behaving differently. When I click on the dock icon, it sometimes opens several terminal windows at once, instead of a single one, and all ...
83
votes
2answers
14k views

What functionality do 'marks' offer in the El Capitan Terminal?

Since upgrading to OS X El Capitan, I've noticed a change in the Terminal: Executed lines show an opening bracket on the left, and a closing bracket on the right, as shown in this screenshot: ...
29
votes
4answers
51k views

Can I make my Mac OS X Terminal color items according to syntax, like the Ubuntu terminal?

I want it to have all the colors for syntax folders, etc... How can I do that?
39
votes
5answers
9k views

Is there a way to access a Mac's geolocation from terminal?

Some GUI apps use OS X location services, but I want to retrieve a Mac's physical location from the command line. This could be useful for running scripts, switching settings etc. The mechanism should ...
14
votes
4answers
67k views

How can I reset a Mac's password from Single User Mode?

My sister bought a used MacBook about 6 months ago and she has lost her password. Here is the procedure I tried to use to reset the password: Boot into single user mode (press Command-S at power on)...
31
votes
2answers
30k views

Run AppleScript from bash script

If I wanted to run an AppleScript from within a bash script I could call a file with the list of commands that I require to execute. #!/bin/bash {some commands} osascript file.scpt {other commands} ...
17
votes
3answers
5k views

How do I find the windowid to pass to screencapture -l?

The command line utility screencapture claims to be able to capture a single window without requiring interaction, but I can't figure out what to pass it. -l<windowid> capture this windowsid ...
14
votes
3answers
10k views

Creating System-Wide Keyboard Shortcut To Launch Applications [duplicate]

I recently switched from Ubuntu, and I was feeling very comfortable with using Ctrl + Alt + T to launch terminal. Can I assign Shift + Cmd + T to do the same thing in Yosemite? Specifically, I want a ...
15
votes
2answers
5k views

Changes to Terminal in El Capitan

Can someone please describe the changes made to Terminal.app in El Capitan? I've just noticed that mouse events started working in Tmux, which is awesome! I had the following set in my tmux.conf: ...
7
votes
5answers
3k views

How can I Open Multiple Customized Terminal Shells?

How can I customized Terminal so that when I open the application it opens several shell tabs? If possible I would like to also have it run a different environment script for each tab. Example: Run ...
8
votes
5answers
19k views

How to persistently define aliases in Terminal

I want to add aliases to my environment so that they are available in all Terminal instances. I got this answer: Yes, you can put it in your .bashrc, .bash_profile or .profile. On some systems ...
4
votes
6answers
5k views

Monitor a folder for changes, and run a command when a change is detected

Is there a simple way to automatically run a (Terminal) command every time a file is changed in a specific folder? This should be possible via the command line, or a system built-in application, no ...
20
votes
4answers
26k views

How do split panes in Terminal work?

I tried to open a split pane to run another command but instead it displays the same in both panes and I can only interact with one of them. I thought it would split the view so I could use the two ...
8
votes
3answers
19k views

How do I mount ejected external USB flash storage? [duplicate]

Suppose that we connect our flash USB drive to a MacBook, then eject this storage from Finder sidebar. Now I want to remount this storage without unplugging and replugging it into the computer, but ...
4
votes
4answers
9k views

How do I rename the Downloads folder (in Lion)?

For whatever perverse reasons I wish to rename the Downloads folder to Temp. I would also be happy with a way of making it appear to me, in both the GUI and the CLI, as Temp. I am aware I can do this ...
9
votes
1answer
17k views

LSOpenURLsWithRole() failed with error -10810 - Downloaded app does not start

I'm trying to run an application downloaded from the internet (e.g., Jabref) but it seems that it fails silently. When I try to open it by double clicking it, nothing happens. When I use the terminal ...
6
votes
4answers
18k views

How do I search all hidden files that are in hidden folders using Terminal?

I need to find some configs buried in some hidden folders and can't recall where they are to navigate to them directly Cmd+Shift+G. I did a sudo find -name Foo* (slow), but none of the returned files ...
4
votes
1answer
2k views

Tilde (~) File in Macintosh Directory

Last night I discovered what looks like an unusual file named "~" (tilde) in the root of my "Macintosh HD" directory on my MacBook. Finder reports the file is 2.2MB in size, of kind "TextEdit.app ...
7
votes
2answers
1k views

Are Bash, Bourne, and Korn shells compiled into one binary in OSX?

On OSX 10.8, if you compare the binaries for bash, sh, and ksh, a few different shell options, they are the same size. If you take it further and cmp the binaries, there seems to be only a single-...
2
votes
2answers
654 views

Equivalent to alt-. in terminal

I am curious as to whether there is an equivalent to the Alt-. command on Mac. On my computer it inserts the following character: ≥, instead of showing the preceding lines final parameter.
147
votes
6answers
71k views

git auto-complete for *branches* at the command line?

On my linux machine I have autocomplete for branches with git. [Note we are talking about git branch completion, not bash completion (e.g. commands, files, etc). Thus NOT lane's answer at all] For ...
67
votes
5answers
75k views

Are my permissions for /usr/local/ correct?

I’m using HomeBrew for my port needs (seems a bit “cleaner” than MacPorts). I can install without sudoing (which is great), but the man linking step seems to require it (/usr/local/share/man/man3 ...
111
votes
9answers
83k views

What is the difference between iTerm2 and Terminal?

I keep hearing that iTerm2 is much better than Terminal. I downloaded iTerm2 today and played around with it, but I couldn't see what is so much better about iTerm2. iTerm2 seemed just like Terminal. ...
64
votes
4answers
44k views

iTerm as a slide-out terminal from the top of the screen

I have installed iTerm2 and was hoping I'd have something like guake (Yes I just switched from Ubuntu). I mapped the hotkey to a button of my choice and it works fine, but I miss the slide-down-from-...
43
votes
3answers
209k views

Using The Terminal Command to Shutdown, Restart and Sleep My Mac?

I'm getting more interested in using Terminal as an alternative way to address solutions on my Mac. I have seen this question entitled "Is there a better way to shutdown/restart OSX?". I would ...
35
votes
15answers
84k views

Password dialog appears when SSH private key permissions are set to 0600

I installed my SSH private key in ~/.ssh/id_rsa and set its permissions to 0600. When I connect to an SSH server which uses my private key in Terminal.app via ssh, a dialog pops up and asks me to ...
31
votes
4answers
23k views

Can a Mac's model year be determined via Terminal Command

Does anybody know a terminal command that gives me the the model of my Mac? For example - "MacBook Pro, Retina, 13-inch, Mid 2013" or "MacBook Pro, Late 2009" or "Mac Mini, Early 2010". That ...
18
votes
4answers
6k views

Switching from Ubuntu to OS X and I'm lost

Situation I got tired of some bugs/annoyments in Ubuntu(=some programs coming along with it). For example after using compiz for a few days I found bugs that were distracting my work flow pretty bad (...
20
votes
2answers
23k views

How can I find the serial number on a mac programmatically from the terminal?

What command can I use to retrieve the system's serial number from the unix command line? As uname will output some information about the software and hardware, I would like to retrieve the serial ...