Using programs and commands that do not have a graphical user interface (GUI) but are rather controlled by typing text commands into a terminal program, or shell.

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148
votes
8answers
77k views

How can I trigger a Notification Center notification from an AppleScript or shell script?

I'd love to be able to take advantage of 10.8's Notification Center features in AppleScripts and shell scripts I write. Is there a built-in command or a third-party library I can use from either an ...
35
votes
7answers
13k views

How can I change a file or folder icon using the Terminal

How can I change or set the icon for a file or folder, in the terminal, do I need to use a scripting language?
33
votes
7answers
48k views

How to always show menubar with fullscreen apps?

Does anyone know if it is possible to keep the menubar in Mac OS Lion visible for fullscreen apps instead of hidden until hovered over with a mouse or trackpad? I imagine there's some Terminal ...
45
votes
10answers
14k views

How do I speed up new Terminal tab loading time?

How can i speed up the terminal startup in Lion? I'm not referring to the startup of the Terminal application, but to the startup terminal windows, like when i open a new tab. I don't have anything ...
20
votes
4answers
15k views

How do I take a steathy picture with my iSight camera from the command line?

Is there a command line utility that allows me to take a picture from the built in camera? Something like screencapture allows for, well, screen captures. The reasoning for a command line tool is I ...
8
votes
2answers
5k views

How to change tap to click using “defaults write” from command line?

I want to change the trackpad tap-to-click property from the command line. Graphically, I can do it by clicking System Preferences -> Trackpad -> Tap to Click. How can I do it from the command line? ...
29
votes
15answers
19k views

Lock Screen Command One-Liner

I'm trying to find out whether there is any kind of equivalent command line one-liner which replicates the exact identical functionality of the 'Lock Screen' menu option available via the Keychain app ...
18
votes
2answers
14k views

Amending PATH so that /usr/local/bin is ahead of /usr/bin

I'm trying to install brew but get the following warning: Warning: /usr/bin occurs before /usr/local/bin This means that system-provided programs will be used instead of those provided by Homebrew. ...
18
votes
3answers
27k views

What steps are needed to create a new user from the command line?

What commands (or script) can create a fully functional user account on Mountain Lion, running only from the command line via terminal or ssh. It looks like an existing pair of answers might work, ...
10
votes
3answers
14k views

Reset your PATH variable

I stuffed up (basically wiped) my PATH variable. Is there any way to reset it to the default? I look at How do I reset the $PATH variable on Mac OS X?, but I find it very confusing. As far as I ...
7
votes
5answers
15k views

How to reset $PATH?

I was trying to add something to $PATH and it went totally wrong. I now can't run any commands such as ls. I've looked at this answer and used the following lines: ...
80
votes
9answers
154k views

Why doesn't .bashrc run automatically?

I put some alias commands in my .bashrc file, so that they might be loaded everytime I open a new Terminal window. Yet this doesn't happen. I have to select run script: in the ...
37
votes
5answers
7k views

Is there a way to access a Mac's geolocation from terminal?

Some GUI apps use OS X location services, but I want to retrieve a Mac's physical location from the command line. This could be useful for running scripts, switching settings etc. The mechanism should ...
32
votes
2answers
60k views

Why Mac OS X don't source ~/.bashrc [duplicate]

I found a lot of people figuring out why instruction similar to this : Put X to your ~/.bashrc and you can do Y don't work. It always turns out that Mac OS X's bash's startup files (or Mac's ...
16
votes
4answers
10k views

How can I install the Command Line Tools completely from the command line?

I'd like to script the installation of the the Xcode Command Line Tools. On Mavericks, xcode-select --install will open a dialog prompting the user to install, but I'd like to trigger the install ...
5
votes
1answer
5k views

Why is a command line change to ~/Library/Preferences/com.apple.LaunchServices.plist not effective immediately?

When the Info window of Finder is used to associate files of a particular type with an application: the preference is effective immediately. When Terminal is used to make a comparable addition ...
6
votes
3answers
6k views

Change file association in terminal?

Is there a method for associating file types with applications via terminal? I thought ~/Library/Preferences/com.apple.launchservices.plist might do it, and I also have seen: Why is a command line ...
13
votes
2answers
17k views

How does 'stuck' (in results of 'top') relate to 'not responding' (in Activity Monitor), 'spin' or 'hang'?

In results of top commands, I sometimes see stuck. Apple's top(1) OS X Manual Page does not explain this use of the word. How, if it all, does stuck relate to the following? not responding – ...
30
votes
8answers
20k views

Can home and end keys be mapped when using Terminal?

The home and end keys on a MacBook Pro can be emulated with fn + left arrow or fn + right arrow. Or when certain settings are changed, with the Command (Apple) key instead of fn. None of these ...
30
votes
2answers
91k views

List all devices connected, lsblk for Mac OS X

In Linux if I want to see all the devices currently connected to my computer in the command-line, I run: lsblk or blkid What's the equivalent command under Mac OS X? NOTE The goal here is ...
23
votes
2answers
24k views

Run AppleScript from bash script

If I wanted to run an AppleScript from within a bash script I could call a file with the list of commands that I require to execute. #!/bin/bash {some commands} osascript file.scpt {other commands} ...
8
votes
1answer
24k views

Create new partition in unallocated space with diskutil

I have deleted the first partition on my external HD such that it now has 100GB of free space at the beginning of the partition. I'd like to reclaim that space, but Disk Utility doesn't let me create ...
9
votes
6answers
5k views

How to list all available .plist keys on a certain domain application by defaults command?

I want to know all keys (property list) which available on certain domain application, as example i could list available key for com.apple.dock by entering this command: $ defaults read ...
8
votes
2answers
2k views

Can user accounts be managed via the command line?

Is there any way to add, remove, or modify user accounts via the command line? I'm not talking about an account for a system process or daemon, I mean is there any way to add a user account, change, ...
5
votes
4answers
2k views

Temporary files listed by lsof don't exist

I like copying flash videos for offline viewing later. I used to do this by loading the video in the browser (Firefox or Google Chrome), then running this command to see where the flash file was being ...
4
votes
5answers
4k views

Monitor a folder for changes, and run a command when a change is detected

Is there a simple way to automatically run a (Terminal) command every time a file is changed in a specific folder? This should be possible via the command line, or a system built-in application, no ...
5
votes
2answers
4k views

How to change the creation (st_birthtime) date/time of a file in Lion?

touch(1) can only change modification and access times, but has no options for creation time. This does not work, at least not on Lion. So how do I change the creation time, also referred to as ...
5
votes
3answers
160 views

Can command-line commands be made insensitive to order of filenames and options?

I'm new to Mac usage. It seems that most commands trip over options given after the file names. In linux, which I've used for years, it doesn't matter. On Apple, it does. Is there some setting ...
6
votes
2answers
1k views

Are Bash, Bourne, and Korn shells compiled into one binary in OSX?

On OSX 10.8, if you compare the binaries for bash, sh, and ksh, a few different shell options, they are the same size. If you take it further and cmp the binaries, there seems to be only a ...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

How to fix lsregister failing associations after reboot? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: How do I remove duplicate “Open With” context menu items in Finder.app? I'm running 10.7.5 and I have noticed a problem with associations between files and applications. ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

How do I set the creation time of a file?

I have a script that converts a file to another format, and I want the resulting file to have the same timestamps as the original, including the creation time (as shown by ls -lU). I can use touch to ...
114
votes
4answers
58k views

git auto-complete for *branches* at the command line?

On my linux machine I have autocomplete for branches with git. [Note we are talking about git branch completion, not bash completion (e.g. commands, files, etc). Thus NOT lane's answer at all] For ...
94
votes
8answers
72k views

What is the difference between iTerm2 and Terminal?

I keep hearing that iTerm2 is much better than Terminal. I downloaded iTerm2 today and played around with it, but I couldn't see what is so much better about iTerm2. iTerm2 seemed just like Terminal. ...
31
votes
12answers
69k views

Password dialog appears when SSH private key permissions are set to 0600

I installed my SSH private key in ~/.ssh/id_rsa and set its permissions to 0600. When I connect to an SSH server which uses my private key in Terminal.app via ssh, a dialog pops up and asks me to ...
44
votes
4answers
80k views

Can I get the CPU temperature and fan speed from the command line in OS X?

Is there a command I can run from the command line in OS X to get the current CPU temperature and/or the fan speed(s)? To be more specific, I'd like to be able to get the same info available in the ...
37
votes
2answers
961 views

Where should I store command line applications?

When I download command line applications they are located in my ~/Downloads/ directory. But I feel this is wrong place to have a command line application located. Where in the Mac OS X filesystem ...
14
votes
2answers
2k views

why does OSX add extra '._<filename>' when I tar a directory?

I'd just like to know why if I "tar -czf" a file/directory, osx adds a: ._ for each file? I see these when I untar in linux. Or when I work with the uncompressed project in eclipse as it doesn't ...
21
votes
3answers
7k views

Can Mac App Store installs & upgrades be automated?

How can I script installing or upgrading apps from the Mac App Store? I'd prefer command line tools, but AppleScript or some other API would suffice. Relevant puzzle pieces: installer: note ...
17
votes
3answers
14k views

Is there a command to install a dmg

I want to install a dmg file on a remote server. All I have is an ssh access. Since a DMG is a disk image, I tried to mount it, but mount does not seem to recognize its format. file says my dmg file ...
6
votes
1answer
14k views

How do I find what packages I've installed via terminal?

I've been learning the shell for a few weeks and have installed several packages. I know/remember what some of them are, like oh-my-zsh and emacs 24 (which was a nightmare to upgrade to), but not sure ...
14
votes
8answers
14k views

How to retrieve current wattage info on OS X?

Is there a way to retrieve the current watt usage info on OS X Snow Leopard? I'm using mid-2010 iMac, so I'm not looking for just battery-related apps. Does OS X even monitor power usage? Do I need ...
12
votes
2answers
3k views

cd to a directory by typing its name?

For example if a directory 'blob' exists and I just type 'blob[return]' then the system cds into the blob directory for me. In Linux (Ubuntu) I can add shopt -s autocd to my .bashrc file, but on OS X ...
12
votes
4answers
3k views

Updating modifier key mappings through defaults command tool

I am trying to automate the inital setup of my macbook, that includes installing software and changing OS X configuration to my needs. I have tried to update the modifier keys with defaults, the ...
11
votes
3answers
7k views

Change default shell from bash to zsh

I've tried to switch my default shell to zsh, using chsh: chsh -s /bin/zsh and: chsh -s `which zsh` Both commands ended with: Changing shell for adamatan. Password for adamatan: chsh: ...
9
votes
1answer
8k views

How to remove xattr com.apple.quarantine from all .webarchive files with that extended attribute?

Spread across multiple file system I have numerous .webarchive files that were saved by OmniWeb. So for example: sh-3.2$ ls -@ 2012-03-19.webarchive 2012-03-19.webarchive sh-3.2$ ls -@l ...
6
votes
2answers
2k views

Mac renames itself automatically - host name is incorrect in terminal

I've got a handleful of macs (all with unique names) and on occasion it prompt a notice about saying another computer on the network as this name and adds a (2) or (3) to my mac. How can I set the ...
11
votes
3answers
4k views

How can I force command-line arguments to a program shortcut in the dock?

I have Chrome installed in Applications, and a shortcut to it in the Dock. How can I achieve to force some command-line arguments to each start-up of this app? Let me be clearer, in the Terminal, I ...
7
votes
3answers
2k views

Can Finder and the “open” command treat files with .sh or other typical extensions just like .command files?

I am looking for a way to inject some more extensions into the OS X launch services database systematically so that when clicked, they execute in the terminal app just like .command files do by ...
6
votes
4answers
3k views

Is there a better way to shutdown/restart OSX?

Whenever I want to shutdown/restart OSX I click on the menu, select shutdown, and then click the box for not saving the session, and then click OK. Then there's always at least one program that ...
3
votes
3answers
2k views

How to enable/disable Do Not Disturb from shell on Mavericks

I would like to toggle the Do Not Disturb in the notification center with a keyboard shortcut. I am using better touch tool for some extra keyboard shortcuts but it does not support ...