Take the 2-minute tour ×
Ask Different is a question and answer site for power users of Apple hardware and software. It's 100% free, no registration required.

I have a large external hard drive that I am using as a time machine backup volume. Since I don't need all the storage space for backups, I'm considering storing additional data on the drive. Is there any danger of this usage interfering with the backup system or is this an always-safe storage spot?

share|improve this question
    
I'll add that I actually do this. I have a TM backup on a 2TB drive as well as other large video files that are not a part of the backup. So far, this hasn't caused any problems... –  daviesgeek Dec 5 '12 at 1:31

3 Answers 3

up vote 4 down vote accepted

Seeing that external storage is relatively inexpensive, I would leave the existing TM drive alone and purchase another external drive. That way, you can backup the additional data on the new drive to the TM disk, too. You wouldn't be able to do this if the additional data resides on the TM drive itself.

If you do choose to use the TM disk for non-TM data, I recommend partitioning the drive to separate the TM data from the non-TM data. If you ever need to reformat the TM partition, you won't need to move that additional data to another disk first, or visa versa.

All that being said, it is technically possible to use the TM disk to store additional data. I used to do it until #4 (below) happened and I lost ~10k .mp3 files I then needed to re-rip from CDs. (I did re-rip about 80% of the lost files to Apple Lossless format, so it wasn't a complete disaster, but I did lose thousands of files.)

There are several drawbacks you should keep in mind:

  1. Time Machine will delete older backups more frequently when available space is low.
  2. Performance on the drive will suffer when TM is running and you are accessing the additional data at the same time.
  3. If you need to transport the additional data off-site, you'll also be taking your TM backup with you.
  4. When (not if) the entire disk crashes hard, you will lose the additional data unless it is backed up somewhere.
share|improve this answer
    
Good list of drawbacks. Here are things I do when I have a large USB drive with hundreds of GB of free space (my backup grows a GB a month typically). Store ripped DVD for viewing, cache large software downloads, move large databases there to run a test script on them when I don't want to operate on live data. All of these don't need to be backed up and as long as I'm aware of the less usable space / increased chance TM will start deleting old backups - it works very well. –  bmike Nov 30 '12 at 16:44
    
I suppose it depends on the use case how much this impacts the decision. For example I use the same drive for my time machine backup and for other backups I do by hand (e.g. backing up steam games). Also, I keep "template" copies of clean virtual machines there. I've found that time machine backups of Parallels VMs are unreliable when restoring. –  Michael Dec 1 '12 at 15:13

Yes - you are free to use that disk to mix storage and Time Machine backups. Stay out of the Time Machine folder/disk image and you will be fine.

Since Time Machine can back up to a network store and a locally connected drive - the details on where Time Machine squirrels away it's backup data is slightly different, but you are free to use the rest of either disk to store whatever files you wish.

The only down side to storing files on the same volume that is being used as a Time Machine destination is that you cannot use Time Machine to both back up those other files and store backups from elsehere. Even with the dual destination rotation scheme added in Mountain Lion - Time Machine is hands off for any drive listed as a destination.

share|improve this answer

None, as far as you know what you are doing and don’t change the name of the volume. Also make sure that the partition table type is GUID.

The only possible side effect would be your transfer speeds getting slow because a backup is happening.

share|improve this answer

Your Answer

 
discard

By posting your answer, you agree to the privacy policy and terms of service.

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.