OS X uses CUPS which uses print filters (.ppd files) to format documents to send to printers. The currently installed and used ppd files can be found at
To see a whole list of whats available on your computer, look in
/Library/Printers/ here you will find folders of drivers that have been installed (usually in folders by brand, i.e you may have a
Brother folder and a
Canon folder if you ever used a Brother or Canon printer).
There will also likely be a PPDs folder which contains archived print filters that are available.
For some additional printer options you could type:
Then point your web browser to
http://localhost:631 This will bring up a the CUPS web interface which has a few extra bits and options then you can get at from the System Preference.
It's important to note most of these options have to do with the printing system itself, not the native Printer options/utilities.