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On Lion and iCloud, the old MobileMe and Snow Leopard mDNS naming has changed and no longer works.

I'm wondering how to use command line tools to find out the DNS name that Apple has assigned to my Mac. I want to use that dns name on other devices that are not OSX (like Prompt on my iPad/iPhone) to ssh back to my Mac when I'm out and about.

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3 Answers 3

up vote 22 down vote accepted


There's a very simple way to simply SSH to a BTMM/iCloud computer:

In Terminal, in the Shell menu select New Remote Connection... (cmd+shift+K). From here you can browse by ssh/sftp/ftp/telnet hosts on the local or BTMM network.

This is obviously much easier for the individual apps that support iCloud/BTMM lookup (e.g. you'll also see file shares in the side-bar of Finder, and remote Airport devices in Airport Utility), but I'll leave the full instructions below for the more arbitrary use-cases.

It's no longer done via @computername.mobilemename.members.mac.com, it's now done via members.btmm.icloud.com, and its no longer as simple as your mobilemename.

Step 1: Find out your iCloud BTMM domain

Either of these commands will provide your BTMM domain:

# dns-sd -E
# mDNS -E

The output is formatted slightly differently, but what you're after is the numeric ID, it'll be something like 12345678.members.btmm.icloud.com.

Step 2: List Computers

You can use these tools to browse that domain for services, e.g. for ssh servers:

# dns-sd -B _ssh 12345678.members.btmm.icloud.com

Or if you already know the hostname just access it directly as computer-name.12345678.members.btmm.icloud.com. (Any spaces in your computer name will be hyphens in this domain).

You can only access this from a computer that is also set up for BTMM on the same account, because this hostname will resolve to an IPv6 address that is really the end of an encrypted network tunnel between your BTMM computers.

If you want to see the IPv6 address for a specific host, you can type

# dns-sd -G v6 computer-name.12345678.members.btmm.icloud.com

And it'll output something like:

17:37:47.504  Add     2  0 computer-name.12345678.members.btmm.icloud.com. FD11:993E:64AE:4DEA:011F:FBD1:F444:11A1%<0>  152

Step 3: Connect

# ssh username@computer-name.12345678.members.btmm.icloud.com


I'm not sure if that number will ever change, so you may or may not need to repeat Step 1 at some point later on...

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This isn't my preferred method, but the Terminal app also polls your iCloud account for all Back To My Mac computers that it has a current registration.

Under the Shell menu - New Remote Connection... ++K

This is quite handy to set up a new ssh/sftp connection home when you are not on the local internet or your dns server won't look up the AAAA records that match your current host.12346789.members.btmm.icloud.com. domain reservation.

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What if the computer name has spaces? That seems to muck everything up D: –  XAleXOwnZX Dec 23 '13 at 16:52
replace the spaces with dashes. Example: "Work iMac" would be "Work-iMac" –  Michael Irey Apr 9 '14 at 20:53
This is useful. Terminal.app even gives you the resulting ssh command which you can then paste into iTerm or whatever you actually use. –  jogloran Jul 21 '14 at 11:50

Here's the answer to your question…

I just learned a nifty way to find your BTMM domain name

echo show Setup:/Network/BackToMyMac | scutil | sed -n 's/.* : *\(.*\).$/\1/p'

source: https://gist.github.com/1856804 by skyisle

But here's why that still doesn't help you…

However, note that even if you know the BackToMyMac domain, you can only use it if you are connecting from a computer that is connected also logged into 'BackToMyMac'. It will not work directly via Prompt.

(I believe Apple considers this a security-related feature. Otherwise anyone on the Internet could try to gain access to your Macs if they knew the BTMM domain name.)

There are other sites on the web which will do dynamic DNS hosting for you. I've used DynDNS for years, but they have gotten more and more commercially focused (used to be able to get 5 free dynamic hostnames, now it's 1, and you can only get that one by giving them a credit card number and trying out one of their premium services and then canceling it).

I have not used http://www.no-ip.com/ but they have a Mac update client too (which will automatically update whenever your Mac's IP address changes) and they will give you three free hostnames if you create a free account (no credit card info needed).

Note that this doesn't work as easily as BTMM because you still have to make sure that you have open ports on your router, etc. However, it will work with Prompt and from other hosts.

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You have nailed the nail on the head with the proviso that currently a Mac is required to use BTMM on both ends. –  bmike Jun 17 '12 at 23:54

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