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Due to the Thunderbolt 1.2 update, I had to restore from a Time Machine Backup, but after that, Time Machine won't do incremental back up any more.

The hard drive has 250GB of free space... It was 1TB and is used for backing up the iMac 27 inch which has about 700GB for the Mac partition (the other 300GB is for Bootcamp).

So after the restore, it won't incrementally back up any more. It would try to back up everything from scratch and will fail because it tries to back up about 600GB into the 250GB free space and will stop.

Is there a way to make it work again?

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What OS version are you on? Starting with Lion, Time Machine should be able to "adopt" the disk it was restored from, and continue with incremental backups (Have seen it work). –  Thilo Jun 14 '12 at 7:43
    
yes it is Lion... but it doesn't seem to "adopt" –  動靜能量 Jun 14 '12 at 10:50
    
@thilo - Lion tries very hard to reuse a past backup and not make too big an estimate of the space needed for the next backup, but in cases of reinstallation it doesn't always work. –  bmike Jun 14 '12 at 18:54
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1 Answer

Four options are available for you - none of them is a clear winner that works in all cases:

  • Try to force the issue with the command line tmutil inheritbackup command
  • Ditch the backup history and start over (not good, but quick)
  • Use a tool like BackupLoupe and see if you can thin space on the drive to make enough room for the "estimated" amount of storage for the next backup.
  • Baby sit the backup, by excluding most of the drive and unexcluding it in less than 250 GB chunks.

This last option has gotten me over the hump several times when clients cannot afford to lose their backup. I image their backup drive before starting (just in case) and then use the Time Machine System Preference options to exclude most of the drive. The first option is the most precise if you are comfortable with the terminal application and command line tools.

time machine exclusion list

By excluding everything except perhaps /Library and /System you should be between 10 and 30 GB for the estimated size of a Full Backup and Time Machine will let you make a new backup. Then the trick is to slowly remove items from the exclusion list in stages to not have the next backup estimate exceed the remaining free space on your backup volume.

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