I'm on 10.7, and I want to alter the broadcast power (so my wifi network doesn't extend beyond 10 ft radius or so). Also, if there's a way to change the security to WPA, which windows 7 can do, I'd like to know.
I'm not aware of a good way to modify the radio broadcast power level on the built-in card on a Mac. However, you may find that setting up a shared internet connection using bluetooth achieves your goal of limiting the range.
Regarding your second question, there have been previous inquiries about changing the WiFi encryption protocol on Mac Ad-Hoc networks from WEP with no results.