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I've gotten an new iPad with 4G (yay!) and I've set up the VPN connection to connect to a VPN which I'd like to use to connect to my computer. However, I've noticed that my once VPN is on, my iPad doesn't do much except show an indicator in the status bar.

Is it possible for me to connect to my iMac which is behind a firewall via VPN? Do I need an app to see my screen, or is there something which supports it on iOS "out of the box"?

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Surely you've heard of the phrase "There's an app for that", VNC isn't part of iOS "out of the box" so obviously you need an app. –  Jonathan. Mar 18 '12 at 15:35
    
There are really two questions here - but it makes sense to keep it together since the VPN may preclude some choices of VNC clients or affect how you configure your VPN to allow the traffic needed for VNC to operate. I'll attempt an answer in addition to the nice one from @emil –  bmike Mar 18 '12 at 20:51

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Yes - there are two ways to get through a firewall. So from the VPN perspective, you will want to be sure your client app and VPN pass bonjour packets so the remote iOS device can see the Mac that is advertising it's VNC screen sharing capabilities. AirPort hardware does a good job of proxying the VNC capabilities of sleeping macs and will even wake them up in response to incoming requests for screen sharing.

No - there is no iOS VNC client so your "out of the box" experience will involve going to the app store or otherwise installing an app like Screens or whatever other VNC app you prefer.

I can speak for screens working in a mixed VPN / NAT port forwarding combined network where Lion server has configured the VPN and controls the AirPort. I do use the screens connect software and location service when I am not using VPN since that allows me to locate my macs similar to Back to My Mac does using iCloud. The screens solution really works well for me with or without VPN or needing iCloud integration. You don't need the screens connect in most cases when VPN is set up, but it's nice to have and doesn't interfere with VPN either.

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iOS does not have these features built in, unfortunately.

There are several VNC-apps on the App Store, RealVNC is one of them. As long as you have Screen Sharing enabled in the Sharing-preference-pane, any VNC-app will be able to connect to your iMac.

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