My CDMA iPhone 4 (model MC677LL) running iOS 5.0.1 (9A405) doesn't have any problems connecting to my Time Capsule's Wifi Network (firmware: 7.6.1), but most of the time, the connection doesn't seem to be of any use. The phone shows good signal strength, but attempts to use that connection- Mobile Safari, Tweetbot, syncing OmniFocus- mostly time out. Note: the connection will still work for laptops/desktops running OS X while the phone is having problems.
This used to happen before updating to iOS 5, fwiw.
The only other thing that might be of any use in diagnosing this is knowing that I also have an Airport Express (firmware 7.6.1) in the living room which joins the Time Capsule's network so I can AirPlay right to the stereo.
To fix this, I've tried:
switching the connection's DNS server(s) between the Time Capsule (10.0.1.1) and Google's DNS (188.8.131.52, 184.108.40.206), plus switching the Time Capsule's DNS server(s) between the default for my ISP and Google.
Forgetting the network on the phone
Doing a hard reset on the phone
Hitting "Renew Lease" on the connection through the Settings panel on the phone
Switching the Time Capsule's wireless settings from a specific radio channel to automatic and back again
Turning interference robustness on and off
Like I said, though, the problem isn't that I can't connect. The problem seems to be a level or two up from connecting, but I can't think of any way to diagnose that. I guess the next time I catch it happening, I can try opening a site in Mobile Safari using a known IP address, but where could I go from there?
I'd love to get some good recommendations for diagnosing this on a deep technical level, including suggestions for specific tools, or links to helpful walkthroughs.