Basically, is there any way to trigger the native OS X spellcheck context menu using a keyboard shortcut. I know the command keys ⌘+: activates spellcheck, but what I'm trying to do is get the result of a right-click without taking my hands off the keyboard. Is there an OS X equivalent to emacs' flyspell-correct-word-before-point command.
If you're on Lion, you can turn on iOS-style spelling corrections in System Preferences under Language and Text. I don't always have luck noticing or reacting to these corrections while typing, but moving back over the misspelled word with your cursor will bring up the iOS-style popup and you can select the correct spelling with the down arrow and Return.
A similar question was asked on superuser, see Keyboard Shortcut to Right Click. To paraphrase that answer here:
You can also "Activate Mouse Keys", but I find that solution unsatisfying.