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I'm unable to kill a process using any of the techniques I'm aware of ("Force Quit" in Activity Monitor, top, killall from the Terminal) and wonder if there are some additional steps I can take.

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~ $ sudo killall -KILL 77439
Password:
No matching processes were found
~ $ killall -KILL 77439
No matching processes belonging to you were found
~ $ killall 77439
No matching processes belonging to you were found
~ $ killall Mathematica
No matching processes belonging to you were found

FWIW the process is "Mathematica" which I cannot relaunch, Quit, or Force Quit, or sample, either by name or PID, and it appears to have some odd side effects (screenshots don't appear, can't empty trash, and can't even shut down the system).

Are there additional steps that can be taken to really really kill a badly behaved process?

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Can you find this process using top in the terminal? –  Pierobon Feb 1 at 19:03
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Next time this problem does occur, please add the output of ps alx | egrep '[ /](PID|Math)' to your question. –  daniel Azuelos Feb 1 at 20:25
    
@danielAzuelos: Good tip. Will do. –  raxacoricofallapatorius Feb 1 at 20:31
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1 Answer

killall kills by process name (which is definitively not 77439 and most probably also not Mathematica). You can use kill 77439 or (if this fails) kill -9 77439 instead (but if the process is really stuck, only a reboot will solve the problem).

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Kill sounds like it should go just as it says, but really it should be called 'send interrupt signal', as there are many different types of kill it can perform. Using the parameters -9 essentially uses the most powerful form of terminating with extreme predjudice available... –  stuffe Feb 1 at 18:14
    
$kill -9 PID always does the trick for me, even if it's that much invasive. –  Pierobon Feb 1 at 19:05
    
So it seems like Mathematica is just unusually badly behaved. In the end I had to force shutdown (regular shutdown hung). I don't have this problem with any other app, but Mathematica has had it more than once. –  raxacoricofallapatorius Feb 1 at 19:09
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